| 8 September 1986|
The Human League
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
8 September 1986
| Flyte Time Studios, Minneapolis|
Pop music, Rhythm and blues
The Human League albums, Contemporary R&B albums
Crash is the fifth studio album by British synthpop band The Human League, released on 8 September 1986. Crash would provide the band with their second US number-one single, "Human", the same year. It was produced by the American production team of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis who also wrote several tracks.
After spending two years recording their fourth album Hysteria, which met with only moderate commercial success, the band struggled to record further material. By 1985, musician/songwriter Jo Callis had left the group. Virgin Records, worried by the lack of progress in one of their leading acts, called the band principals to a meeting where a solution was sought. As the problem was perceived to be the lack of production, it was suggested that the band take up an offer to work with Minneapolis based production duo Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. Jam and Lewis who had written for and produced The SOS Band, Cherrelle and Alexander O'Neal, and had just finished working on Janet Jackson's breakthrough album Control. They had developed an interest in The Human League after the success of their US releases; they were also seeking an opportunity to cross over into the mainstream pop and saw The Human League as the perfect opportunity.
In February 1986, The Human League were flown out to Minneapolis to work at Flyte Time Studios with Jam and Lewis. After initial enthusiasm on both sides the working relationship began to break down. Jam and Lewis had total control over the final album and insisted that their own tracks take precedence over the band's material. Jam and Lewis were also intolerant of the band's laid back working methods and their lack of musical technical ability.
After four months in Minneapolis, a sidelined Oakey pulled the band out of further recording and they returned to Sheffield leaving Jam and Lewis to complete the album using session musicians. Oakey said later:
Keyboard players Philip Adrian Wright and Ian Burden also had been sidelined by Jam and Lewis. Wright would not recover from the humiliation and immediately left the band upon their return to the UK. Burden eventually quit the band in 1987.
The album name was taken from a moment in the studio during the recording. Oakey described it thus:
Although at the time the band had all but washed their hands of the album post production, when released it quickly became an unexpected success. One of the Jam and Lewis compositions, "Human", was released as the album's first single and became the Human League's second number-one on the US Billboard Hot 100 and their first UK top-ten hit in over three years (no.8). Follow-up singles "I Need Your Loving" and the 1988 UK-only release "Love Is All That Matters" were less successful, failing to reach the UK Top 40. The album itself peaked at number 7 in UK (where it was certified Gold for sales in excess of 100,000 copies) and number 24 on the US Billboard 200 album chart. Oakey, with hindsight, states that it was this album that saved the band's career and one of the main reasons they are still recording today. However, he also stated in 1995 his disconcert with the record, saying: "The Jam and Lewis album [Crash] was just like being a puppet for four months. It was interesting to pick yourself out of the industrial north of England and dump yourself in Minneapolis. Great experience, but it just wasn't our album."
However, in 2015, producer Jimmy Jam mentioned that the primary source of tension between The Human League and Jam and Lewis was largely due to the issue background vocals. Jam thought Sulley and Catherall were good singers, but wanted to use them for the spoken parts on the single "Human". Jam and Lewis brought in their session vocalist Lisa Keith, who - along with Lewis - performed the background vocals. This caused a rift between the producers and the group, which was started by Catherall who was discussing the issue with Oakey at the time of recording Crash. Catherall didn't like the idea of another female voice on the album, which Jam and Lewis thought Keith's vocals added to the songs. Jam explained:
In 2005, Crash was re-issued with extended versions of the three singles.
The out-of-focus cover photo was used to disguise the fact that it was taken at very short notice to meet a print deadline, after the disaster of the planned original photo shoot. Oakey originally wanted to return to the Vogue cover style of Dare artwork for Crash. He had persuaded Virgin Records to finance a studio photo shoot of the band with Vogue's Paris-based Photographer Guy Bourdin. The band were flown out to Paris for the two-day photo sessions. However on arriving at Bourdin's studio it became apparent that he was only interested in photographing the two female vocalists Susan Ann Sulley and Joanne Catherall. Matters came to a head when Bourdin ordered Sulley to do a handstand wearing a mini-skirt, a pose she considered inappropriate. After she turned on Bourdin and the two clashed angrily, the photographer refused to work with the band and they walked out of the session with the loss of all fees. Oakey would later comment that "we spent two days there, it took nine hours to set up one photograph and I daren't tell you how much money we spent".
- "Money" (Burden, Oakey, Russell) – 3:54
- "Swang" (Eiland) – 4:36
- "Human" (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis) – 4:25
- "Jam" (Oakey, Russell) – 4:20
- "Are You Ever Coming Back?" (Oakey, Russell, Wright) – 4:53
- "I Need Your Loving" (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Davis, Eiland, Richey, Williams) – 3:42
- "Party" (Burden, Oakey, Russell) – 4:29
- "Love on the Run" (Burden, Oakey, Russell) – 3:53
- "The Real Thing" (Burden, Fellows, Oakey, Russell) – 4:17
- "Love Is All That Matters" – (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis) – 6:05
CD bonus tracks
- "Human" (extended version) (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis) – 5:04
- "I Need Your Loving" (extended version) (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Davis, Eiland, Richey, Williams) – 7:16
- "Love Is All That Matters" (extended version) (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis) – 7:47
The Human LeaguePhilip Oakey: Synthesizer, Keyboards, Vocals
Philip Adrian Wright: Synthesizer, Keyboards
Susan Ann Sulley: Vocals
Joanne Catherall: Vocals
Ian Burden: Vocals, Bass, Keyboards
Jim Russell: Drums, Guitar, Percussion, Programming
Additional personnelJimmy Jam: Producer, Bass, Keyboards, Synthesizers
Terry Lewis: Producer, Drums, Percussion
Paul Rabiger: Keyboards
Ken Ansell: Cover Design
Gavin Cochrane: Photography
Steve Hodge: Engineer
1Money3:54Crash (The Human League album) Wikipedia