Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Cramp fasciculation syndrome

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit

Cramp fasciculation syndrome (CFS) is a rare peripheral nerve hyperexcitability disorder. It is more severe than the related (and common) disorder known as benign fasciculation syndrome; it causes fasciculations, cramps, pain, fatigue, and muscle stiffness similar to those seen in neuromyotonia (another related condition). Patients with CFS, like those with neuromyotonia, may also experience paresthesias. Most cases of cramp fasciculation syndrome are idiopathic.

Contents

Cramp fasciculation syndrome is diagnosed by clinical examination and electromyography (EMG). Fasciculation is the only abnormality (if any) seen with EMG. Cramp fasciculation syndrome is a chronic condition. Treatment options include anti-seizure medications such as carbamazepine, immunosuppressive drugs and plasmapheresis.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms are very similar to those found in benign fasciculation syndrome and include:

  • Fasciculations (Primary Symptom)
  • Muscle cramping (Primary Symptom)
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle Stiffness
  • Generalized fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Globus sensations
  • Paraesthesias.
  • Hyperreflexia
  • Diagnosis

    The procedure of diagnosis for Cramp Fasciculation Syndrome (CFS) is closely aligned with the diagnosis procedure for benign fasciculation syndrome (BFS). The differentiation between a diagnosis of BFS versus CFS is usually more severe and prominent pain, cramps and stiffness associated with CFS.

    Treatment

    Treatment is similar to treatment for benign fasciculation syndrome.

    Carbamazepine therapy has been found to provide moderate reductions in symptoms.

    References

    Cramp fasciculation syndrome Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Camillo Milli
    Kenia Sinclair
    Dale Hoganson
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L