Butterflies and moths
| Cnephasia asseclana, Black‑lyre leafroller moth, Cnephasia communana, Cnephasia incertana, Cnephasia alticolana|
Cnephasia is a genus of tortrix moths (family Tortricidae). It belongs to the subfamily Tortricinae and therein to the tribe Cnephasiini, of which it is the type genus.
The type species around which Cnephasia was established by J. Curtis in 1826 (in the explanations to plate 100 of his British Entomology) was claimed to be "Tortrix logiana". However, this was a misidentification; the name of T. logiana (described by C.A. Clerck in 1759 and nowadays called Acleris logiana) was until the early 20th century frequently applied to related species in error.
Curtis simply repeated the mistake of A.H. Haworth, who had in his 1811 volume of Lepidoptera Britannica discussed a Cnephasia under Clerck's name, but the original misidentification may well go back to Linnaeus' treatment of "T. logiana" in Systema naturae. Eventually, this was resolved, and the type species of Cnephasia was determined to be the tortrix moth described as Olethreutes pasiuana by J. Hübner in 1822.
The currently recognized species of Cnephasia are:
"Cnephasia" jactatana does not seem to belong in this genus.Cnephasia daedalea Razowski, 1983
Obsolete scientific names for Cnephasia are:Anoplocnephasia Réal, 1953
Brachycnephasia Réal, 1953
Cnephasiella Adamczewski, 1936
Hypostephanuncia Réal, 1951
Sciaphila Treitschke in Ochsenheimer, 1829
Hypostephanuncia is sometimes listed as a junior synonym of the closely related genus Eana, but its type species is C. ecullyana. Whether the monotypic Sphaleroptera is a distinct and valid genus or merely a specialized offshoot of Cnephasia is not yet resolved; some authors include it here, while others don't.