| 274 (2011)|
Penrith and The Border
Cliburn is a village and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England. The civil parish includes the hamlet of Town Head. In 2001 the population was 204, increasing to 274 at the 2011 Census.
Cliburn, Cumbria Wikipedia
Cliburn village is situated at crossroads on the east-west running C3047 (minor road) between Bolton and Penrith and a north-south road connecting Morland in the south to the A66(T). The River Leith runs through the village south of the road. The village was served by Cliburn railway station on the Eden Valley railway line 1 km north of the village, and the village pub was called the Railway Inn, after the station closed the name was changed to the Golden Pheasant Inn.
The etymology of the name Cliburn comes from clay and burn "clay stream", also interpreted as "Stream by the bank". Cliburn has been known as Cleburn or Cleyburn.. Cliburn was historically in Westmorland.
Cliburn Hall, a three storey Pele tower was built in 1387 by Robert de Cliburn. Alterations and additions were made in 1567 by Richard Cliburn. In 1872 the tower was de-castellated, and given a gabled roof. Originally there was an additional square tower at the south side of the building.
A stone inscription from the building reads:
Richard Cleburn this they me called
In which my time hath built this Hall
The nave and chancel of St Cuthberts Church date from the 12th century and the church is a Grade II listed building. The church was restored in the 19th century and all the windows except one date from that period.
The rectory lies between the village and former railway station.
Cliburn Bridge, at the south of the village over the River Leith on the road to Morland, and Cliburn Mill Bridge to the east at the confluence of the Leith and the River Lyvennet on the road to Bolton are built of local red sandstone. They were built after 1822 when a powerful flood destroyed the earlier bridges.
Cliburn Moss, northwest of the village is a national nature reserve (NNR) contains a mixture of bog and heath, produced by a hollow in the glacial valley, and by the human activity of peat cutting.
A school was endowed in 1807. The school/house was rebuilt in 1877.