Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Cicerbita alpina

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Tribe  Cichorieae
Scientific name  Cicerbita alpina
Rank  Species
Family  Asteraceae
Genus  Cicerbita
Higher classification  Cicerbita
Order  Asterales
Cicerbita alpina httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons99
Similar  Cicerbita, Adenostyles alliariae, Gentiana orbicularis, Adenostyles, Cirsium spinosissimum

La cicerbita alpina


Cicerbita alpina, commonly known as the Alpine Sow-thistle or Alpine Blue-sow-thistle is a perennial herbaceous species of plant sometimes placed in the genus Cicerbita of the Asteraceae family, and sometimes placed in the genus Lactuca as Lactuca alpina. It is native to upland and mountainous parts of Europe.

Contents

Cicerbita alpina FileCicerbita alpina PID17684jpg Wikimedia Commons

Cicerbita alpina 2014


Description

Cicerbita alpina FileCicerbita alpina PID17681jpg Wikimedia Commons

Cicerbita alpina on average reaches 80 centimetres (31 in) in height, with a minimum height of 50 cm (20 in) and a maximum height of 150 cm (59 in). The stem is erect and usually unbranched. It has glandular hairs and contains a white milky juice, a kind of latex. The alternate leaves are broad, triangular and clasping the stem, bluish-grey beneath, hairy along the veins and with toothed margins. The inflorescence is a panicle. Each composite flower is about 2.5 cm (1 in) wide and is set within a whorl of bracts. The individual blue-violet florets are tongue-like with a toothed, truncated tip, each having five stamens and a fused carpel. All the florets are ray florets; there are no disc florets. The seeds are clothed in unbranched hairs. The flowering period extends from June to September in the temperate northern hemisphere.

Distribution and habitat

Cicerbita alpina Cicerbita Wikipedia

Cicerbita alpina grows on many mountains of Europe (the Alps, the Pyrenees, the northern Apennines, the Scandinavian Peninsula, Scotland (where it is endangered and found in only four known locations), the Carpathians and the Urals. These plants can be found in alpine woods, besides streams, in rich-soil in hollows and in tall meadows, usually between 1,000 and 1,800 metres (3,300 and 5,900 ft) above sea level.

Ecology

Cicerbita alpina Cicerbita alpina Wikipedia

In Finland, this plant is known as "bear-hay" because the Eurasian brown bear feeds on it, as do elk and reindeer. People also sometimes make use of it and eat it raw or cooked in reindeer milk.

Secondary metabolites

Cicerbita alpina 20 June 2013 Northumberland Alpine Gardener39s Diary Gardeners

The edible shoots of Cicerbita alpina contain 8-O-Acetyl-15-beta-D-glucopyranosyllactucin, which causes the bitter taste of the vegetable, and caffeic acid derivatives chlorogenic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, caffeoyltartaric acid, and cichoric acid.

Cicerbita alpina FileCicerbita alpina Schweiz Julierpass 0187jpg Wikimedia
Cicerbita alpina FileCicerbita alpina DSCF1303JPG Wikimedia Commons

References

Cicerbita alpina Wikipedia


Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L