Neha Patil (Editor)

Christ Church, Bergen

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Phone  +47 55 27 28 50
Christ Church, Bergen
Address  Kanalveien 90, 5068 Bergen, Norway
Burials  Haakon IV of Norway, Sverre of Norway
Similar  Bergen Cathedral, Sverresborg, Rosenkrantz Tower, Bergenhus Fortress, Levende Ord Bibelsenter
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Christ church bergen


Christ Church or the Old Cathedral on Holmen (Kristkirken på Holmen i Bergen) was the main church and cathedral of Bergen. Its site was at present day Bergenhus Fortress.

The church was built by King Olav Kyrre during the period 1066-1093. The church was situated north of Haakon's hall, the King's hall. It was dedicated to the Holy Trinity but was always known as Christ Church. In 1170 the relics of Saint Sunniva were moved here from Selja and placed on the main altar.

During Bergen's period as the capital of Norway in the 13th century, Holmen and Christ Church was the political centre of the country. The church itself was used for negotiations and the churchyard was used for hailing of kings and meetings of the realm. The first coronation in Scandinavia was held in Bergen in 1163 and several royal coronations were held in the church when it was finished. The kings were also married and buried in the church.

In 1531 the church was levelled to the ground by order of Eske Bille, the Danish governor of Bergenhus Fortress.

Today the outline of the church is marked by a hedge. A memorial to Saint Sunniva and the royals buried there is placed on the site of the high altar.

References

Christ Church, Bergen Wikipedia


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Bergen Cathedral
Bergenhus Fortress
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