Kalpana Kalpana

Chongjin concentration camp

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Chosŏn'gŭl  청진 제25호 관리소
Chosŏn'gŭl  청진 정치범 수용소
Hancha  淸津第二十五號管理所
Hancha  淸津政治犯收容所
Chongjin concentration camp c1vgtstaticcomthumb9797471v1chongjinconce
Revised Romanization  Cheongjin Je25ho Gwalliso
McCune–Reischauer  Ch'ŏngjin Che25ho Kwalliso

Chongjin concentration camp (Chosŏn'gŭl: 청진 제25호 관리소, also spelled Ch'ŏngjin) is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so (Penal-labor colony) No. 25. Satellite images show a major expansion of the camp after 2010.

Contents

Location

The camp is located in the city of Chongjin in the North Hamgyong province of North Korea. It is situated in Suseong district (Susŏng-dong) of Songpyong-guyok, around 7 km (4.3 mi) northwest of the city center and 1 km (0.62 mi) west of Susŏng River (Susŏngch'on).

Description

Chongjin camp is a lifetime prison. Like the other political prison camps it is controlled by the state security agency. But while the other camps include many vast prison-labor colonies in remote mountain valleys, Chongjin camp is only one big prison building complex similar to the reeducation camps. The camp is around 500 m (1500 ft) long and 500 m (1500 ft) wide, surrounded by high walls and fences and equipped with guard towers. The number of prisoners is estimated to be between 3000 and 5000.

Purpose

The main purpose of the camp is to isolate political prisoners from society. The prisoners are exploited for hard labor to be performed in the prison factories. Popular North Korean consumer products like Kalmaegi bicycles are manufactured by prisoners using hand tools.

Human rights situation

Ahn Myung-chul (a former prison guard in Hoeryong concentration camp) described Chongjin camp as a top-level political prisoner camp, therefore harsh conditions can be assumed.

Camp expansion

Detailed analysis of satellite images shows a major expansion of the camp perimeter in 2010. The size of the camp increased 72 percent, from 580 m2 (6,200 sq ft) to now 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft). Along the new fence line 17 additional guard posts were erected. In the eastern part of the new perimeter several new buildings were erected from 2011 to 2013, possibly to be used as prisoner housing.

Prisoners (witnesses)

There are no first-hand witness accounts on the camp; however, there are some reports by North Korean defectors on prisoners in Chongjin camp. Lim Kook-jae, a South Korean abducted to North Korea in 1987 aboard the Dong Jin 27, died in Chongjin camp, according to a human rights organization. Many pastors and presbyters, dissident Korean-Japanese and people expelled from Pyongyang with their families are detained in Chongjin camp, according to the 9th International Conference on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees.

References

Chongjin concentration camp Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Sanam Teri Kasam
Shahzad Rafique
Logi Geirsson
Topics