|Similar Tolypeutinae, Yepes's mulita, Euphractinae, Greater fairy armadillo, Llanos long‑nosed armadillo|
Chlamyphoridae is a family of cingulate mammals. While glyptodonts have traditionally been considered stem-group cingulates outside the group that contains modern armadillos, there had been speculation that the extant family Dasypodidae could be paraphyletic based on morphological evidence. In 2016, an analysis of Doedicurus mtDNA found it was, in fact, nested within the modern armadillos as the sister group of a clade consisting of Chlamyphorinae and Tolypeutinae. For this reason, all armadillos but Dasypus were relocated to a new family.
Below is a taxonomy of the extant species of armadillos in this family.
Cladogram after the analysis of Delsuc et al., 2016: