Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Chios (town)

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Covid-19
Country  Greece
Regional unit  Chios
Time zone  EET (UTC+2)
Municipality  Chios
Administrative region  North Aegean
Elevation  20 m (70 ft)
Postal code  821 00
Local time  Sunday 4:41 PM
Chios (town) httpswwwgreektravelcomgreekislandschioschi
Weather  18°C, Wind S at 14 km/h, 56% Humidity
Points of interest  Castle of Chios, Archaeological Museum of Chios, Naftiko Mousio

Chios (Greek: Χίος) is the main town and a former municipality on the island of Chios, North Aegean, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform, it is part of the municipality Chios, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 22.823 km2. It is located on the eastern coast of the island facing the Turkish coastal town of Çeşme. The town has a population of 26,850 (2011) and is the administrative capital and main port of both the island and of the regional unit of Chios. Chios town is one of eight municipal units on the island.

Contents

Map of Chios 821 00, Greece

The city is often locally referred to as "Chora" (Χώρα; literally meaning "country") or "Kastro" (Κάστρο; "castle") to distinguish it from the entirety of the island with which it shares the name.

North of Chios lies the suburb of Vrontados, while the Chios Island National Airport and town of Karfas lie a few kilometres south of the centre.

History

Originally the site of an ancient settlement, the town was first built at the north side of a natural harbour. By the 16th century, the walled town had been further fortified by successive rulers into a massive medieval castle, the "Kastro".

The current town has expanded out from the Kastro, and the port in the last 200 years. After the devastating earthquake of 1881, the town was substantially rebuilt in neoclassical style, although much of the quayside and outskirts are more modern. Although the population is relatively stable, the town continues to expand with suburbs being built to the north and south. Nevertheless, the centre of the town is still concentrated between the port and castle where the administration, several museums, the main shopping street "Aplotaria", and the municipal gardens lie.

Notable landmarks

  • Archaeological Museum of Chios
  • Byzantine Museum of Chios
  • Castle of Chios
  • Palace of Giustiniani
  • Maritime Museum of Chios
  • Museum of Nea Moni
  • Osmaniye Mosque
  • References

    Chios (town) Wikipedia


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