|Predecessor Adolf Friedrich IV|
|Name Charles Grand|
|Reign 2 June 1794 – 6 November 1816|
Born October 10, 1741 Mirow (1741-10-10)
Issue Charlotte Georgine, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen Duchess Caroline Auguste Duke Georg Carl Therese, Princess of Thurn and Taxis Duke Friedrich Georg Louise, Queen of Prussia Frederica, Queen of Hanover Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Duke Friedrich Karl Duchess Auguste Albertine Duke Charles
House House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow
Died November 6, 1816, Neustrelitz, Germany
Spouse Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (m. 1784–1785)
Children Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Parents Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg
Siblings Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Similar People Louise of Mecklenburg‑Strelitz, Frederica of Mecklenburg‑Strelitz, Duke Charles Louis Fre, Charlotte of Mecklenburg‑Strelitz, Princess Elisabeth Albertine
Charles II (10 October 1741 – 6 November 1816) was ruler of the state of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1794 until his death. Originally ruling as duke, he was raised to the rank of grand duke in 1815. Prior to succeeding to the throne he served as Governor of Hanover from 1776 to 1786.
- Early life and service in Hanover
- Ruler of Mecklenburg Strelitz
- Marriages and children
- Titles and styles
Early life and service in Hanover
Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg was born in Mirow the second son of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow, and his wife Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen. On 11 December 1752 his uncle Adolphus Frederick III died and as a result the older brother of Charles succeeded him becoming Adolphus Frederick IV. With his brother's ascension Charles was taken with the rest of the family from Mirow to the capital Strelitz.
From the age of four, Charles looked set for a career in Hanoverian service after being given a Captain's commission. His sister Charlotte married the Elector of Hanover, King George III of the United Kingdom on 8 September 1761. Charles made frequent visits to his sister in Great Britain and he ultimately entered the service of his brother-in-law the Elector of Hanover with a chief military appointment at Hanover following service in Spain.
In the autumn of 1776, Charles was appointed governor-general of Hanover by his brother-in-law. As Governor of Hanover, Charles effectively held all the powers of a sovereign ruler. His brother-in-law had no wish to reside in Germany, being thoroughly English. Shortly after being widowed for a second time in December 1785, Charles requested permission to retire from his military employments in Hanover and resign the governorship. His brother-in-law granted his request, promoted Charles to the rank of field marshal and granted him a pension. Charles then spent some time traveling before settling down in Darmstadt, where he became President of the Imperial Credit Commission.
Following the childless death of his older brother Adolf Friedrich IV on 2 June 1794, Charles succeeded him as the ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Ruler of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
As ruler, Charles encouraged new agricultural trends, established a new police force, and implemented compulsory education. In 1806, his duchy joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Following the Congress of Vienna, he was elevated to the rank of grand duke on 28 June 1815.
In the summer of 1816 Charles went on a tour of Rebberg, Schwalbach and Hildburghausen. Shortly after returning he was taken ill with inflammation of the lungs. He died in Neustrelitz after suffering a fit of apoplexy. He was succeeded by his eldest son Georg.
Marriages and children
After unsuccessful attempts to marry a Princess of Denmark and a Princess of Saxe-Gotha, Charles married as his first wife Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, a daughter of Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt on 18 September 1768 in Darmstadt. They had ten children together. Two of the daughters became German queens consort.
After Friederike's death in 1782, Charles married her sister Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt on 28 September 1784 in Darmstadt. Charlotte died on 12 December 1785 shortly after giving birth to their son Duke Charles of Mecklenburg.