Population 689,815 (2000)
Changle (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: , Foochow Romanized: Diong-lo?h) is a county-level city located in eastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. Another Changle (???) is located in Shandong province. Administered by Fuzhou City, it is occupies a land area of 648 square kilometres (250 sq mi) and a sea area of 1,327 square kilometres (512 sq mi). Changle was established in the sixth year of Emperor Wu-De (623 AD) during the Tang Dynasty, and it became a county-level city on February 18, 1994. The city faces Taiwan across the Taiwan Strait and is connected to Mawei Economic and Technological Zone by the Min River. The city may change its present status to a district due to a government proposal.
- Map of Changle
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Map of Changle
Located 30 kilometres (19 mi) outside of urban Fuzhou, Changle has a total population of 680,000 and is the home to 400,000 overseas Chinese.
One of the most notable attractions in Changle is the natural environment. Situated on the banks of the Min River, the region is surrounded by many mountains and hills. This also has led to many parks and trails which is a popular destination for locals. Industrialization of the region has reduced the natural beauty of some of these areas however.
Some of the tourist attractions includes Xiasha Seaside Vocational Center, Jingang Leg, Bing Xing Literacy Archives, and Nanshan Park. A considerable amount of oversea remittances, particularly from the US, has been used to construct some of these areas, particularly the parks, over the last few years. Because of this, many of these areas are essentially new and attract a considerable amount of visitors.
Most locals are capable of speaking both Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) and Fuzhou dialect, though Mandarin is spoken in more formal settings such as schools. Generally, those who have higher education are more capable of standard Mandarin.
Most Changle natives can speak both Mandarin and a variant of the Fuzhou dialect. However, instruction in schools is taught in Mandarin. At home, Fuzhou dialect is the norm. Older generations Mandarin typically has a strong accent due to their mother tongue of the Fuzhou dialect, which does not distinguish between z and zh, c and ch, s and sh initials and n and ng finals.
The Fuzhou dialect (Changle/Fuzhou Hua-??/???) faces a high risk of lingual extinction due to the government policy that intended to push for the common use of Chinese Mandarin. Some locals are concerned that this would lead to gradual disappearance of their cultural identity. Though the dialect is expected to remain one of the most spoken languages in the Changle area, it is primarily spoken by the older generation. Though the younger generations are fluent to a degree because of their environment and family, generational attrition of the language will cause a continual drop in the number of capable speakers. The areas where the local dialect is the strongest is primarily in the surrounding towns and areas, which are typically less economically developed than Changle city, the Changle dialect is still the dominant language.
The younger Generation prefer pop culture, arts, music and other forms of entertainment from Hong Kong and the West. The older generation of Changleners enjoy Min Opera (??), a form of Chinese opera.
Due to geographic location, Changle cuisine consists of a lot of seafood, such as clams, shrimps, conch, sea snails, etc.