Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Chamaecrista fasciculata

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Scientific name  Chamaecrista fasciculata
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Genus  Chamaecrista
Higher classification  Chamaecrista

Similar  Chamaecrista, Legumes, Chamaecrista nictitans, Dalea purpurea, Phoebis sennae

Permaculture plant partridge pea chamaecrista fasciculata


Chamaecrista fasciculata, the partridge pea, is a species of legume native to most of the eastern United States. It is an annual which grows to approximately 0.5 meters tall. It has bright yellow flowers from early summer until first frost, with flowers through the entire flowering season if rainfall is sufficient.

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The flowers are hermaphroditic, although a fraction of plants, less than 5%, do not produce sufficient pollen to reproduce as males. This phenomenon has been studied in a variety of plants as a possible evolutionary step towards dioecy, in which male and female flowers occur on separate plants. C. fasciculata is pollinated only by bees.

Chamaecrista fasciculata Chamaecrista fasciculata var fasciculata

The flowers have yellow anthers that produce reproductive pollen, and purple anthers that produce food pollen. Long-tongued bees such as bumblebees, honey bees, long-horned bees, and leafcutting bees pollinate the flowers. There are nectar-producing glands on the leaf stems, which attract a different set of insects: sweat bees, flies, wasps, and ants.

Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea Chamaecrista fasciculata Guide to Kansas Plants

It thrives in areas that have been burned recently before declining in number in the following years. It is considered an excellent choice for planting in disturbed areas, as it will quickly cover an area, preventing erosion, while still allowing other plants to become established. It is also grown as an ornamental or for honey production.

Chamaecrista fasciculata wwwdelawarewildflowersorgimageschamaecristafa

Partridge pea chamaecrista fasciculata


Chamaecrista fasciculata Plants Profile for Chamaecrista fasciculata fasciculata partridge pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea

References

Chamaecrista fasciculata Wikipedia


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Chamaecrista
Chamaecrista nictitans
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