Chadds Ford Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States, about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of the center of Philadelphia. Prior to 1996, Chadds Ford Township was known as Birmingham Township; the name was changed to allow the township to correspond to both its census-designated place and to distinguish itself from the adjacent Birmingham Township in Chester County. As of the 2010 census, Chadds Ford Township had a population of 3,640, up from 3,170 at the 2000 census.
Chadds Ford was home to N.C. Wyeth, his son Andrew Wyeth, and grandson Jamie Wyeth. The Brandywine Battlefield (site of the Battle of Brandywine) is located in the township, along with the Brandywine River Museum, which houses much of the Wyeth collection. Weldon Brinton Heyburn (1852–1912), a U.S. senator from Idaho, was born in Chadds Ford.
The township is the westernmost in Delaware County and is bordered to the west by Chester County and to the south by the state of Delaware. Brandywine Creek forms the western boundary of the township (and of Delaware County).
U.S. Route 1 (Baltimore Pike) runs through the northern part of the township and intersects U.S. Routes 202 and 322 at Painters Crossroads on the township's eastern border. US 1 leads southwest toward Maryland, while US 202 leads south to Wilmington, Delaware, and US 322 leads east to Chester. US 202 and 322 together lead north to West Chester.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.70%, is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chadds Ford Township has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,170 people, 1,314 households, and 910 families residing in the township. The population density was 364.2 people per square mile (140.7/km²). There were 1,338 housing units at an average density of 153.7/sq mi (59.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.27% White, 1.07% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.78% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.
There were 1,314 households, out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the township the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $84,100, and the median income for a family was $100,795. Males had a median income of $79,650 versus $34,219 for females. The per capita income for the township was $52,974. About 4.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.Brandywine Battlefield Park
Brandywine River Museum
N. C. Wyeth House and Studio
"The Mills", Andrew Wyeth home and studio
Brandywine Wildflower and Native Plant Gardens
Chadds Ford Historic District
Christian C. Sanderson Museum
William Painter Farm
Twaddell's Mill and House