Centre-Val de Loire
Châteauroux ([ʃa.to.ru]) is the capital of the Indre department in central France and the second-largest town in the province of Berry, after Bourges. Its residents are called Castelroussins.
Châteauroux temperatures range from an average January low of 0.8 °C (33 °F) to an average August high of 25.1 °C (77 °F).
The old town, close to the river, forms a nucleus around which a newer and more extensive quarter, bordered by boulevards, has grown up; the suburbs of St. Christophe and Déols lie on the right bank of the Indre. The castle from which the city takes its name was built in the latter part of the 10th century by Raoul, prince of Déols. From 920 to 1008, the Norman raids forced the monks of the abbey of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys, founded in Britanny by Saint Gildas, to bring his relics to the abbey of Saint-Gildas of Châteauroux that they founded under the protection of the prince Ebbes of Déols, father of Raoul. During the Middle Ages it was the seat of a seigniory, which passed to the Chauvigny from 1207 to 1473 and was raised to the rank of countship in 1497 for Jean V d'Aumont. In 1616, when it was held by Henry II, Prince of Condé, it was raised to the rank of duchy. In 1736 it returned to the crown, and was given to Marie Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess of Châteauroux, by Louis XV in 1744. The present Château Raoul housing the préfecture offices dates from the 15th century.
Châteauroux is one of the communes awarded the grand prize by the Concours National des Villes et Villages Fleuris, a beautification initiative begun in 1959.Château de Bouges
Church of St. André
Church of St. Martial
Convent of the Cordeliers
La Prairie St. Gildas
Le Parc de loisirs de Belle-Isle
Musée des Arts et Traditions Populaires
Musée du Compagnonnage
Public Garden and the Jardins des Cordeliers
Quartier St. Christophe
La Berrichonne de Châteauroux is the town's football club based in Châteauroux, founded in 1883. The team currently plays in Ligue 2, the second division of French football, and played only one season in Ligue 1 in 1997–98. Châteauroux reached the final of the 2003–04 Coupe de France, where they were defeated 1–0 by Paris Saint-Germain, qualifying for the following season's UEFA Cup. The team play their home fixtures at the 17,173-capacity Stade Gaston Petit.Bals'arts
Festival Country Good Old Days Châteauroux
Festival de théâtre "les Nocthalies"
Festival Populaire du Folklore
Forum des associations
La Biennale de Céramique contemporaine
La Châteauroux Classic d'Indre Trophée Fenioux
Rock à Belle-Isle
Salon du livre de Châteauroux
Stage festival de danse de Châteauroux (DARC)
There are direct services from Châteauroux railway station to Paris, Orléans, Limoges, Toulouse, and several other regional destinations. The A20 motorway connects Châteauroux with Vierzon, Brive-la-Gaillarde, and Toulouse.
The city offers free public transportation since 2001. Total ridership is up 208% between 2001 and 2012.
Born in Châteauroux:Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand (1773–1844), general of Napoleon's army
Albert Aurier (1865–1892), symbolist poet, writer and art critic
Marcel Boussac (1889–1980), entrepreneur and horse breeder
Jack Claude Nezat (born 1943), author, City Councilor of Lésigny (France), initiator of Lésigny-Leingarten twinning, founder and first President of Rencontres Franco Allemandes, Annecy (Annecy-Bayreuth twinning)
Gérard Depardieu (born 1948), actor and businessman
Dean Brown (born 1955), jazz guitarist
Mardi Jacquet (born 1960), playmate
Tom Darby (born 1960), American journalist, Nevada Broadcast Hall of Fame inductee, author and blogger
Gilles Sunu (born 1991), footballer
Roger Barbat (born 1934), International Illusionist as : Le Magicien Blanc
Jean Lauron (1560–1620)
Jean-Claude Guymon de la Touche (1723–1760)
Pierre Leroux (1797–1871)
Napoléon Chaix (1807–1865)
Adolphe Combanaire (1859–1939)
George-Albert Aurier (1865–1892)
Fernand Maillaud (1862–1948)
Bernard Naudin (1876–1946)
Ernest Nivet (1871–1948)
Émile Goué (1904–1946)
Édouard Ramonet (1909–1980)
Jean Fourton (1934-), writer, humanist, painter and psychoanalyst. Former town councillor of Châteauroux (1957 to 1967).
Châteauroux is twinned with: Gütersloh (Germany) since 1977
Bittou (a commune of Burkina Faso) since November 1985
Olsztyn (Poland) since 23 February 1991