Harman Patil

Cephalanthera austiniae

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Kingdom  Plantae
Subfamily  Epidendroideae
Subtribe  Limodorinae
Scientific name  Cephalanthera austiniae
Rank  Species
Family  Orchidaceae
Tribe  Neottieae
Genus  Cephalanthera
Higher classification  Cephalanthera
Order  Asparagales
Cephalanthera austiniae CalPhotos Cephalanthera austiniae Phantom Orchid
Similar  Orchids, Cephalanthera, Summer coralroot, Epipactis gigantea, Corallorhiza mertensiana

Cephalanthera austiniae is a species of orchid known by the common names phantom orchid and snow orchid because the entire plant is white except for a few yellow markings on the flowers.

Contents

Cephalanthera austiniae FileCephalanthera austiniae Flickr 003jpg Wikimedia Commons

The orchid is native to the western United States (California, Oregon, Washington and Idaho), and to British Columbia, Canada. Cephalanthera austiniae is the only species of genus Cephalanthera native to the Western Hemisphere.

Cephalanthera austiniae Cephalanthera austiniae Phantom Orchid Go Orchids

This is also the only Cephalanthera species entirely dependent on symbiotic mycorrhizae for its nutrition. This mycoheterotrophic orchid has no chlorophyll, so it makes no energy for itself.

Cephalanthera austiniae CalPhotos Cephalanthera austiniae Phantom Orchid

Description

Cephalanthera austiniae Cephalanthera austiniae Phantom Orchid quotMycotrophic plant Flickr

Cephalanthera austiniae is a distinctive plant, rising from the dark, moist forest floor on waxy white stems and bearing orchid blossoms which are white or yellowish with yellow centers. Its leaves, if present, are rudimentary since such structures are not needed for collecting sunlight.

Conservation

The plant is becoming more scarce as its habitat, dense, isolated forest, becomes more rare.

Cephalanthera austiniae Phantom Orchid Cephalanthera austiniae iNaturalistorg
Cephalanthera austiniae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Cephalanthera austiniae Cephalanthera austiniae phantom orchid Wildflowers of the

References

Cephalanthera austiniae Wikipedia


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Cephalanthera
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