Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Superfamily  Apoidea
Subfamily  Apinae
Higher classification  Centridini
Rank  Genus
Suborder  Apocrita
Family  Apidae
Scientific name  Centris
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Hymenopterans
Centris wwwdiscoverlifeorgmp20pres240ampimgISD11194amp
Similar  Bee, Centridini, Apidae, Epicharis, Hymenopterans

Centris nitida bee stroking blossom

The genus Centris contains circa 250 species of large apid bees occurring in the Neotropical and Nearctic regions, from Kansas to Argentina. Most females of these bees possess adaptations for carrying floral oils rather than (or in addition to) pollen or nectar. They visit mainly plants of the family Malpighiaceae to collect oil, but also Plantaginaceae, Calceolariaceae, Krameriaceae and others. Recent studies have shown they are sister to the corbiculate bees, the most well-known and economically important group of bees


They are large (up to 3 cm), fast-flying bees, distinguished from the closely related genus Epicharis by the absence of long, whip-like setae that project backwards from just behind the eyes. They are commonly encountered bees in American deserts, and are active at very high ambient temperatures when many other species are in hiding. They can often be seen in large numbers on desert-willow (Chilopsis) and palo verde (Parkinsonia) blossoms. Bees of this genus are of some economical significance in pollinating crops such as Brazil Nut (Bertholletia excelsa) and Cashew (Anacardium occidentale, pollinated by C. tarsata among others).

The mating system of one species, C. pallida, has been particularly well-researched by the behavioral ecologist John Alcock; the entomologist Adolpho Ducke also studied this genus.

Abeja escabadora centris decolorata mining bee

Selected species

  • Centris errans
  • Centris pallida
  • Centris tarsata
  • References

    Centris Wikipedia

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