Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)


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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Celastraceae
Scientific name  Celastrus
Rank  Genus
Order  Celastrales
Subfamily  Celastroideae
Higher classification  Celastraceae
Celastrus httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons00
Lower classifications  Celastrus orbiculatus, Intellect plant, Celastrus scandens, Celastrus hindsii

Effect of celastrus paniculatus seeds

Celastrus, commonly known as staff vine, staff tree or bittersweet, is a genus in the Celastraceae family which comprises about 30-40 species of shrubs and vines. They have a wide distribution in East Asia, Australasia, Africa, and the Americas.


Celastrus Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Go Botany

The leaves are alternate and simple ovoid, typically 5–20 cm (2.0–7.9 in) long. The flowers are small, white, pink or greenish, and borne in long panicles; the fruit is a red three-valved berry. The fruit are eaten by frugivorous birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. All parts of the plants are poisonous to humans if eaten.

Celastrus Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Go Botany

In North America, they are known as bittersweet, presumably a result of confusion with the unrelated bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara) by early colonists. C. orbiculatus is a serious invasive weed in much of eastern North America.

Celastrus Celastrus paniculatus Wikipedia

Celastrus the tree of intellect

Selected species

Celastrus Celastrus orbiculatus CLIMBERS
  • Celastrus angulatus Maxim. - Chinese staff vine
  • Celastrus australis - Australian staff vine
  • Celastrus dispermus - orange boxwood
  • Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.
  • Celastrus gemmatus Loes.
  • Celastrus hindsii Benth.
  • Celastrus monospermus Roxb.
  • Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. - Oriental bittersweet
  • Celastrus paniculatus Willd. - peng
  • Celastrus pyracanthus - South African staff vine
  • Celastrus rosthornianus Loes.
  • Celastrus scandens L. - American bittersweet
  • Celastrus stylosus Wall.
  • Celastrus vaniotii (H.Lév.) Rehder

  • Celastrus Celastrus paniculatus Willd Checklist View


    Celastrus Wikipedia