|Name Cecil Mace||Role Philosopher|
|Died 1971, London, United Kingdom|
Books The Psychology of Study, Sibylla: Or the Revival of Prophecy, Selected Papers
Cecil Alec Mace (22 July 1894 – 7 June 1971) usually cited as C.A. Mace was a British philosopher and industrial psychologist.
Mace was born on 22 July 1894 to Mary and Walter Mace in Norwich, England. He left home at 18 for Cambridge University, intending to study for holy orders. However, instead he chose to read Moral Sciences at Queen's College, Cambridge. He studied under the philosopher G.E. Moore. The British psychologist Charles Samuel Myers, who started the first experimental psychology laboratory in Cambridge, was another mentor.
At the outbreak of World War I, Mace who shared Moore's pacifism, refused to fight. Instead he was sent to Dartmoor prison where he studied the psychological effects of imprisonment. Following World War I, he was appointed Lecturer in Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Nottingham. He married Marjorie Lebus in 1922 and they had two sons.
In 1925, he joined St Andrew's to start an experimental Psychology laboratory. He introduced the first courses in experimental psychology and set up a laboratory in 1927.
In 1932 he became a Reader a Bedford College, University of London. He worked under the direction of Professor Beatrice Edgell, the first woman President of the British Psychological Society.
During World War II, Mace was appointed a Head of Psychology at King's College, London. The department was transferred to Birkbeck in 1944 and Mace became the first Birkbeck Chair of Psychology, a position he retired from in 1961. Mace died on 9 June 1971.
Mace's work on Incentives: Some Experimental Studies (1935) discredited the notion that workers are primarily incentivized by money. He also stated that people have a "will to work." In 1935, he conducted the first empirical studies of goal setting. His most influential books were Sibylla; or the Revival of Prophecy and The Psychology of Study.
Awards and honours
President of the Aristotelian Society, 1948-9
President of the Psychological Section, British Association, 1951
President of the British Psychological Society, 1952–53