Caudofoveata is a small class within the phylum Mollusca, also known as Chaetodermomorpha. The class is often combined with Solenogastres and termed Aplacophora, but some studies have cast doubt on the monophyly of this group.
Caudofoveata are small (1-30 mm), mainly deep sea molluscs. They are worm-like, lacking shells or distinct muscular feet; they instead have scales and calcareous spines called sclerites, for movement.
Caudofoveates live by burrowing through soft sediment, and feed by lying vertically in the sediment with just the mouthparts exposed and taking in passing organic detritus. During sexual reproduction, the female produces eggs which are fertilized and brooded, and then the larvae swim freely.
Caudofoveates feed on foramanifera.
Caudofoveata comprises the following families and genera:ChaetodermatidaeCaudofoveatusChaetodermaFalcidentidaeFalcidensFurcillidensLepodermaLimifossoridaeLimifossorMetachaetodermatidaeMetachaetodermaProchaetodermatidaeChevrodermaClavidermaLonchodermaNiteomicaProchaetodermaSpathodermaScutopodidaePsilodensScutopus
There are 15 genera, with about 150 known species.