Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Castle of Alfândega da Fé

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
- Initiated  1320
Elevation  573 m

The Castle of Alfândega da Fé (Portuguese: Castelo de Alfândega da Fé) is a medieval castle in the civil parish of Alfândega da Fé, municipality of Alfândega da Fé, in the Portuguese district of Bragança.

Contents

History

The settlement of Alfândega da Fé was founded sometime in the 7th century. The current castle had its probable basis in a defensive structure constructed by the Moors. But, this castle "disappeared", likely with its destruction.

On 8 May 1234, King D. Dinis issued a foral to the settlement, and it functioned as an autonomous town to 1294.

In 1320, in the Chronicle of Rui de Pina, King Dinis ordered the construction of the castle, ordering its location on the top of the Cabeço de São Miguel.

On 1 June 1510, King D. Manuel I ceded a new foral to the settlement. During the Renaissance (around 1530) there is reference to the castle as "derrubado e malbaratado" (knocked-down and vandalized).

Records from Father Carvalho da Costa, dating from 1706, suggest that the population hovered around 150 "neighbours". By that time, the Tombo dos Bens do Concelho (comparable to the public archive) alluded to the "antigos muros" (the old walls) sometime around 1766. There are some references to the village tower clock, the town's ex-libris, as built from the remains of the medieval castle stone.

In 1855, the settlement was part of the Comarca of Moncorvo, but was de-annexed in that year.

On 24 October 1895, the municipality of Alfândega da Fé was extinguished, and its parishes were distributed to the municipalities of Macedo de Cavaleiros, Vila Flor, Moncorvo and Mogadouro. The lasted for a short time, and on 13 January 1898, the municipality was reconstituted. A reference to the castle was made in the "Extracts" from 1895, wherein the author refers to the historical context of the town and hints to the structures final fate:

In this Town was a old castle closed by three doors and strong walls of stone, which were seized by its residents, and at the present is found already totally undone...

On 18 October 1994, there was a proposal to classify the old castle structure as a Imóvel de Interesse Público, under the Municipal Director Plan (PDM), but the structure never attained its heritage classification.

Architecture

The remains of the castle is situated at the centre of the small town overlooking the valley, at the end of Rua do Castelo, over a small cliff.

The open area is marked by the lines of former walls that encircled the old structure, but which today little remains. There are clear lines of a rectangular structure, broken by a semi-circular tower keep structure.

Encircling these foundations are a string of modern platforms used for observation, not only of the castle, but also with views to the valley below, and constructed in the 20th century.

References

Castle of Alfândega da Fé Wikipedia


Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L