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Carlos Mardel

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Full Name  Martell Károly
Occupation  Architect
Nationality  Hungarian Portuguese
Carlos Mardel httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  c. 1695Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary
Died  8 September 1763, Lisbon, Portugal
Structures  Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Nova, Chafariz do Rato
Projects  Chafariz do Rato, Chafariz, Rua do Sèculo
Similar  Sebastião José de Carvalho, Antonio Canevari, José da Silva Pais

Carlos mardel antes e depois

Carlos Mardel (born Martell Károly; Pressburg; c. 1695 - Lisbon; 8 September 1763) was a Hungarian-Portuguese military officer, engineer, and architect. Mardel is primarily remembered for his role in the reconstruction effort after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.



Carlos Mardel was born Martell Károly, in Pressburg (now Bratislava), then in the Kingdom of Hungary, around 1695. He served in the militaries of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Mardel first came to Portugal in 1733, as a sergeant-major of engineering for a Portuguese infantry. By 1735, Mardel had become the managing architect of the Águas Livres Aqueduct. In this project, he personally designed and oversaw the construction of the Amoreiras Monumental Arch and the Mãe d'Água Water Reserve.

It is known that Mardel was a part of the Portuguese Freemason lodge Casa Real dos Pedreiros Livres da Lusitânia, which operated between 1733 and 1738.

In 1747, owing to his work on the Águas Livres water system, Mardel was appointed Architect of the Royal Household and of the Ancient Military Orders.

Following the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, Mardel was one of the primary architects responsible for the city's reconstruction, alongside Eugénio dos Santos and Manuel da Maia. His roofing designs became a staple of the city's reconstruction.

In 1759, Mardel began construction on a country manor in Oeiras for Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the prime-minister at the time for King Joseph I of Portugal. The palace, known as the Palace of the Marquis of Pombal, is considered one of his magnum opera.

By 1762, Mardel had reached the rank of colonel in the Portuguese army.


Note: Italicized works were incomplete when Mardel ceased management of them.

  • Águas Livre Water System; 1735-1745
  • Águas Livres Aqueduct; 1735-1744
  • Amoreiras Monumental Arch; 1740-1744
  • Arco do Carvalhão; 1742-1745
  • Mãe d'Água Water Reserve; 1745-1763
  • Chafariz da Esperança; 1752-1763
  • Chafariz do Rato; 1753-1754
  • Estaus Palace; 1755-?
  • Palace of the Marquis of Pombal; 1759-1763
  • Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Nova (gate and cloister); 1761
  • References

    Carlos Mardel Wikipedia

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