Siddhesh Joshi

Carlos Lacerda

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Vice Governor  Eloy Dutra
Name  Carlos Lacerda

Nationality  Brazilian
Succeeded by  Raphael de Almeida
Role  Brazilian Politician
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Preceded by  Jose Sette Camara Filho
Born  30 April 1914 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1914-04-30)
Political party  National Democratic Union
Died  May 21, 1977, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Education  Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Law (1932)
Parents  Olga Caminhoa ​​Werneck, Mauricio Paiva de Lacerda
Children  Sergio Lacerda, Sebastiao Lacerda, Maria Cristina Lacerda
Siblings  Mauricinho Werneck de Lacerda, Vera Werneck de Lacerda
Similar People  Getulio Vargas, Janio Quadros, Gregorio Fortunato, Juscelino Kubitschek, Eurico Gaspar Dutra

Profession  Journalist, politician

Entrevista com carlos lacerda


Carlos Frederico Werneck de Lacerda (30 April 1914 – 21 May 1977) was a Brazilian journalist and politician.

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Born in Rio de Janeiro, Lacerda was the son of a family of politicians from Vassouras, Rio de Janeiro state.

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When he was a law student, Lacerda became sympathetic to left-wing ideas, but by the 1940s, he had transformed into a staunch anticommunist and conservative.

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He started his journalism career at Diário de Notícias (English: Daily News) in 1929. In 1949 he founded the newspaper Tribuna da Imprensa (English: Press Tribune).

Carlos Lacerda 1955 Press Photo CARLOS LACERDA BRAZILIAN JOURNALIST POLITICIAN

Starting his political career in 1947, Lacerda was elected to the legislative chamber (city council) of the city of Rio de Janeiro. In 1950, he was elected a National Democratic Union representative for the state of Rio in the Chamber of Deputies. He became well known for his uncompromising opposition of the government of President Getúlio Vargas and even demanded the overthrow of Vargas.

He survived an assassination attempt in August 1954, which became known as the crime of Rua Tonelero. It is widely believed by historians to have been made by men acting under the orders of Gregório Fortunato, O Anjo Negro (Portuguese for "The Black Angel"), a black man, who was the head of Vargas' personal bodyguards. Brazilian Air Force Major Rubens Vaz was killed in the attempt, and Lacerda was slightly injured. That sparked a political crisis that culminated with the suicide of Vargas.

Lacerda was re-elected to the Chamber of Deputies later in 1954, with more votes than any other candidate. He also opposed the government of President Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira.

Lacerda was elected governor of Guanabara State, comprising Rio, in 1960. His administration was praised by the US government and the IMF for his efforts to solve some chronic problems of Rio such as water services, public transportation and housing. As part of this drive, Lacerda ordered areas of the city - often areas targeted by developers - to be cleared of the inhabitants. Over this period, up to 140,000 people were evicted, mostly from the three favelas on the Rodrigo de Freitas lagoon, located near the beaches of the city’s south zone.

An opinionated and controversial politician, Lacerda was involved in the crisis of the resignation of President Jânio Quadros in 1961 and conspired against the presidency of João Goulart. Hoping to be elected president in the 1965 elections, Lacerda initially supported the military coup d'état of 1964 and was nominated the UDN candidate. Since the military was not willing to give up power, the 1965 elections were cancelled, and Lacerda began to oppose the regime. In 1968, his efforts to restore democracy in Brazil made him ally with his old enemies, Kubitschek and Goulart, and Lacerda was arrested for a brief period and stripped of his right to run for political office for ten years. Then, he retired from politics and resumed his journalism and publishing career. In 1977, he died suddenly in Rio de Janeiro.

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Popular culture

Lacerda was portrayed by Marcello Airoldi in the 2013 biographical drama film Reaching for the Moon and by Alexandre Borges in the 2014 biographical drama film Getúlio.

His relationship with the architect Lota de Macedo Soares is the subject of the 2013 film Flores Raras (Reaching for the Moon), directed by Bruno Barreto and starring Gloria Pires.

He is also mentioned in the book, "Child of the Dark", The Diary of Carolina Maria de Jesus.

References

Carlos Lacerda Wikipedia


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