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Carlos Ibarguren

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Nationality  Argentine
Known for  Politician
Role  Writer
Predecessor  Basilio Pertine
Occupation  Professor of law
Name  Carlos Ibarguren
Successor  Enrique P. Torino
Carlos Ibarguren wwwbiografiasyvidascombiografiaifotosibargur
Full Name  Carlos Ibarguren
Born  April 18, 1877 (1877-04-18) Salta
Alma mater  University of Buenos Aires
Notable work  Juan Manuel de Rosas (1930), Las sociedades literarias y la revolucion argentina (1938), La historia que he vivido (1955)
Title  De facto Federal Interventor of Cordoba
Died  April 3, 1956, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Education  University of Buenos Aires
Political party  Democratic Progressive Party
Employer  University of Buenos Aires

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Carlos Ibarguren Uriburu (April 18, 1877 – April 3, 1956) was an Argentine academic, historian and politician. As a writer he was noted as one of the foremost academics of the history of Argentina as well as a leading expert on constitutional law. Politically he was initially associated with the liberal tendency amongst the country's intelligentsia before moving to far right nationalism in later life.

Contents

Early career

Ibarguren was born on Salta, in 1877. An academic by profession, Ibarguren was a professor of law at the University of Buenos Aires, his alma mater. Recognised for his fine legal and constitutional mind from 1904 onwards he held a number of Undersecretary positions within the government. Utilising his experience Roque Saenz Pena appointed him as Justice Minister during his administration of Roque Saenz Pena, a position he held until 1914.

After this spell in office, Ibarguren continued as a supporter of the Radical Civic Union for a time. However he became a founder of the Democratic Progressive Party in 1914 and served as its Vice-President whilst also drafting its programme. In this role he became a strong critic of the government of Hipolito Yrigoyen. He was an unsuccessful candidate in the 1920 legislative elections, part of a list of intellectuals that included the likes of Lisandro de la Torre and Ezequiel Ramos Mexia but which failed to make an impact with the voters. He was chosen as Democratic Progressive candidate for the 1922 Presidential election, although he managed only 7.7% of the vote.

Move to the right

Up to this point, Ibarguren had been associated with the liberalism that defined Argentina's cultural elite but the setbacks of 1920 saw his positions alter. His book of the same year, La literatura y la gran guerra, demonstrated a shift to the nationalism that was to come to dominate his political thought. He argued that democracy left the door open to too many disparate groups and that it needed brakes which should be provided by a united conservative right. Politically Ibarguren grew interested in using the masses as a bulwark of reactionary activity and as such moved close to the ideas of fascism.

Following the 1930 coup of Gen. Jose Felix Uriburu, Ibarguren petitioned the new president to switch to corporatism and this economic model came to dominate his thinking until, under Ibarguren's advice, Juan Peron allowed the corporations to be represented in parliament in 1948. Despite this however, Ibarguren held no formal positions within the governments of either Uriburu or Peron and largely concentrated on his academic pursuits. His last political role of note was as De facto Federal Interventor of Cordoba from 1930 to 1931, as post entrusted to him by Uriburu. Ibarguren died in Buenos Aires, in 1956.

Writing

Ibarguren was especially noted for his work on the history of Argentina, with his most celebrated books being Juan Manuel de Rosas (1930), Las sociedades literarias y la revolucion argentina (1938) and La historia que he vivido (1955). He also served as president of the Argentine Academy of Letters.

References

Carlos Ibarguren Wikipedia


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