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Carlos Drummond de Andrade

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Occupation  Poet
Role  Poet
Name  Carlos de

Literary movement  Modernism
Nationality  Brazilian
Books  A Rosa do Povo
Carlos Drummond de Andrade Os 10 melhores poemas de Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Born  October 31, 1902Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brazil (1902-10-31)
Died  August 17, 1987, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Spouse  Dolores Dutra de Morais (m. 1925–1987)
Movies  O Amor Natural, The Priest and the Girl
Education  School of Odontology and Pharmacy of Belo Horizonte (1923–1925)
Similar People  Machado de Assis, Manuel Bandeira, Cecilia Meireles, Vinicius de Moraes, Mario de Andrade

Leda nagle entrevista carlos drummond de andrade

Carlos Drummond de Andrade (October 31, 1902 – August 17, 1987) was a Brazilian poet and writer, considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet of all time. He has become something of a national cultural symbol in Brazil, where his widely influential poem "Canção Amiga" ("Friendly Song") has been featured on the 50-cruzado novo bill.


Carlos Drummond de Andrade Today39s Book of Poetry

Drummond de Andrade was a descendant of members of Clan Drummond who emigrated from Scotland to Brazil.

Carlos Drummond de Andrade A Itabira de Drummond Roteiros Literrios

Recomeçar - Carlos Drummond de Andrade


Carlos Drummond de Andrade Carlos Drummond de Andrade We Heart It black and white

Drummond was born in Itabira, a mining village in Minas Gerais in the southeastern region of Brazil. His parents were farmers belonging to old Brazilian families of mainly Portuguese origin. He went to a school of pharmacy in Belo Horizonte, but never worked as a pharmacist after graduation, as he did not enjoy the career he chose. He worked as a civil servant for most of his life, eventually becoming director of history for the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Service of Brazil. Though his earliest poems are formal and satirical, Drummond quickly adopted the new forms of Brazilian modernism that were evolving in the 1920s, incited by the work of Mário de Andrade (to whom he was not related). He would mingle speech fluent in elegance and derive truth about his surroundings, many times describing quotidian, normal aspects of life while achieving a fluidity of thought and speech.

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The work of Carlos Drummond is generally divided into several segments, which appear very markedly in each of his books. But this is somewhat misleading, since even in the midst of his everyday poems or his socialist, politicized poems, there appear creations which can be easily incorporated into his later metaphysical canon, and none of these styles is completely free of the others. There is surely much metaphysical content in even his most political poems.

The most prominent of these later metaphysical poems is A Máquina do Mundo (The World's Machine). The poem deals with an anti-Faust referred to in the first person, who receives the visit of the aforementioned Machine, which stands for all possible knowledge, and the sum of the answers for all the questions which afflict men; in highly dramatic and baroque versification the poem develops only for the anonymous subject to decline the offer of endless knowledge and proceed his gloomy path in the solitary road. It takes the renaissance allegory of the Machine of the World from Portugal's most esteemed poet, Luís de Camões, more precisely, from a canto at the end of his epic masterpiece Os Lusíadas.

One of those said segments have been found only after his death: deliberately erotic poetry. That type of poetry has been published in only one book "Moça deitada na grama" (woman laid down in the grass) with the authorization and actual intervention by his son-in-law.

Drummond is a favorite of American poets, a number of whom, including Mark Strand and Lloyd Schwartz, have translated his work. Later writers and critics have sometimes credited his relationship with Elizabeth Bishop, his first English language translator, as influential for his American reception, but though she admired him Bishop claimed she barely even knew him. In an interview with George Starbuck in 1977, she said, "I didn't know him at all. He's supposed to be very shy. I'm supposed to be very shy. We've met once — on the sidewalk at night. We had just come out of the same restaurant, and he kissed my hand politely when we were introduced."


Drummond, as a writer of the modernist style, follows the writing mechanic proposed by Mário de Andrade and Oswald de Andrade; making use of free verse, and not depending on a fixed meter. In modernism, the predominant style which Drummond wrote in, styles were divided into lyrical and subjective or objective and concrete, Drummond would be part of the latter, similar to Oswald de Andrade.

Drummond was the first great poet to assert himself after the premiere modernist of Brazil and created a unique style dominated by his beautiful writing. His work displays linguistic freedom and free verse. But it goes beyond that: "The work of Drummond reaches – as Fernando Pessoa, Jorge de Lima, Murilo Mendes and Herberto Helder – a coefficient of loneliness that detached from the soil of history, leading the reader to an attitude free of references, trademarks or ideological or prospective," said Alfredo Bosi (1994).

His poetry, according to Affonso Romano de Sant'Anna, can be divided into three parts, :

  • I, greater than the world – marked by ironic poetry
  • I, lower than the world – marked by social poetry
  • I, equal to the world – covers the metaphysical poetry
  • In the late 1980s, his poetry began to become more erotic. O Amor Natural (Natural Love), a collection of erotic poems, was published posthumously.


    Carlos Drummond de Andrade Wikipedia