Neha Patil

Caricaceae

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Kingdom  Plantae
Higher classification  Brassicales
Order  Brassicales
Scientific name  Caricaceae
Rank  Family
Caricaceae Flowering Plant Families UH Botany
Lower classifications  Papaya, Mountain papaya, Jacaratia, Jarilla, Cylicomorpha

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The Caricaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Brassicales, found primarily in tropical regions of Central and South America and Africa. They are short-lived evergreen pachycaul shrubs or small trees growing to 5–10 m tall. One species, Vasconcellea horovitziana is a liana and the three species of the genus Jarilla are herbs. Many species bear edible fruit and are source of papain [1].

Caricaceae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Based on molecular analyses, this family has been proposed to have originated in Africa in the early Cenozoic era, ~66 million years ago (mya). The dispersal from Africa to Central America occurred ~35 mya, possibly via ocean currents from the Congo delta. From Central America, the family reached South America 19-27 mya.

The family comprises six genera and about 34-35 species:

  • Carica – one species, Carica papaya (Papaya), Americas
  • Cylicomorpha – two species, Africa
  • Horovitzia – one species, Mexico
  • Jacaratia – eight species, Americas
  • Jarilla – three species, Americas
  • Vasconcellea – twenty species, Americas

  • Caricaceae Home Page BRAHMS Online


    Caricaceae Caricaceae Carica papaya

    References

    Caricaceae Wikipedia


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