Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Caribbean martin

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Passeriformes
Genus  Progne
Higher classification  Purple martins
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Hirundinidae
Scientific name  Progne dominicensis
Rank  Species
Caribbean martin wwwbirdforumnetopusimagesthumb44bCaribbean
Similar  Bird, Sinaloa martin, Peruvian martin, Purple martins, Swallow

The Caribbean martin or white-bellied martin (Progne dominicensis) is a large swallow.

Contents

It breeds on Caribbean islands from Jamaica east to Tobago. It is closely related to two species to which it used to be considered conspecific-P. sinaloae (Sinaloa martin) and P. cryptoleuca (Cuban martin). There are sight records from mainland Central and South America, and most birds appear to migrate to the South American mainland. A single bird was recorded in Key West, Florida, on May 9, 1895 (AOU 2000).

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It has at various times been considered alternatively as a race of the purple martin, Progne subis.

Description

Caribbean martin Mangoverde World Bird Guide Photo Page Caribbean Martin Progne

Adult Caribbean martins are 18.5 cm in length, with a forked tail and relatively broad wings, and weigh 40 g. Adult males are a glossy blue-black with contrasting white lower underparts. Females and juveniles are duller than the male, with grey-brown breast and flanks and white lower underparts.

Behaviour

Caribbean martin Caribbean martin Wikipedia

The Caribbean martin nests in cavities in banks and buildings, or old woodpecker holes. 3-6 eggs are laid in the lined nest, and incubated for 15 days, with another 26-27 to fledging. Just as the purple martin, this species may compete with other passerines for nesting cavities. In particular, the main foe is the house sparrow [1] in urban areas, where they mostly use man-made structures, whereas in more rural locations Picidae holes in coconut trees are favored, and there is less competition with the sparrows.

Caribbean martins are gregarious birds which hunt for insects in flight. Their call is a gurgly chew-chew.

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References

Caribbean martin Wikipedia


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