Neha Patil

Carduoideae

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Kingdom  Plantae
Higher classification  Daisy family
Order  Asterales
Scientific name  Carduoideae
Rank  Subfamily
Carduoideae wwwazalasdebilder201111P11605311450
Lower classifications  Echinops, Atractylis, Maral root, Notobasis, Russian knapweed

Carduoideae is the thistle subfamily of the Asteraceae, or sunflower family, of flowering plants. It comprises a number of tribes in various circumscriptions of the family, in addition to the Cynareae.

Carduoideae Carduoideae

Takhtajan, according to Reveal, includes ten tribes in addition to the Cynareae: the Arctotideae, the Barnadesieae, the Carlineae, the Cichorieae, the Echinopseae, the Eremothamneae, the Gundelieae, the Liabeae, the Mutisieae, and the Vernonieae. Of these eleven, Thorne agrees with seven in his 8 tribe taxonomy of the Carduoideae, placing the Cardueae (Cynareae), plus Arctotideae, Cichorieae, Eremothamneae, Liabeae, Mutisieae, and Vernonieae tribes in the subfamily, plus the Tarchonantheae. The Panero and Funk classification of 2002 (a molecular phylogenetic classification based upon chloroplast genes) places just three tribes in the subfamily: the Cynareae, plus the Dicomeae (created by Panero and Funk's paper, consisting of Dicoma, Erythrocephalum, Gladiopappus, Macledium, Cloiselia, Pasaccardoa, and Pleiotaxis), and the Tarchonantheae (Tarchonanthus plus Brachylaena). The genus Oldenburgia may be within this subfamily but the data on this is inconclusive. The Takhtajan system divides the Asteraceae into only two subfamilies, the Asteroideae in addition to the Carduoideae, while Thorne adds the basal, monophyletic subfamily, the Barnadesioideae. The recent phylogeny of Panero and Funk divides the Asteraceae into 11 subfamilies.

Carduoideae Flora of New YorkCarduoideae Wikibooks open books for an open world
Carduoideae Asteraceae Carduoideae The Aster Family ThistleArtichoke
Carduoideae Catalogue of Organisms Thistle Be The One Taxon of the Week

References

Carduoideae Wikipedia


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