Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Carbazochrome

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Covid-19
Trade names  Toxivenol
ATC code  B02BX02 (WHO)
PubChem CID  5360410
Routes of administration  P/O, I/M
CAS Number  69-81-8
Molar mass  236.23 g/mol
Carbazochrome httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons55
AHFS/Drugs.com  International Drug Names

Carbazochrome is an antihemorrhagic, or hemostatic, agent that will cease blood flow by causing the aggregation and adhesion of platelets in the blood to form a platelet plug, ceasing blood flow from an open wound. It is hoped that this drug can be used in the future for preventing excessive blood flow during surgical operations and the treatment of hemorrhoids, but research on its effectiveness and the severity of possible side effects remains to be fairly inconclusive.

Contents

With troxerutin, it has been investigated for use in the treatment of hemorrhoids.

How to pronounce carbazochrome


Indications

Capillary and parenchymal hemorrhage (trauma, tonsillectomy, during surgery), intestinal bleeding, thrombocytopenic purpura.

Mechanism of action

Carbazochrome, the semicarbazone of adrenochrome, that interacts with α-adrenoreceptors on surface of platelets, which are coupled to Gq protein and initiate PLC IP3/DAG pathway to increase intracellular free calcium concentration with these subsequent actions:

  • Activates PLA2 and induce arachidonic acid pathway to synthese endoperoxides (TxA2, thromboxane A2)
  • Calcium binds to calmodulin which then binds and activates myosin light-chain kinase, that will enable the myosin crossbridge to bind to the actin filament and allow contraction to begin. This will change platelet’s shape and induce release of serotonin, ADP, vWF (Von Willebrand factor), PAF (Platelet-activating factor) to promote further aggregation and adhesion.
  • Vector

    Because of its poor solubility in water it must be first thoroughly dissolved in alcohol, melted fat (butter), or vegetable oil (to aid in absorption) and then ingested.

    References

    Carbazochrome Wikipedia


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