| Sao Paulo|
Sergio Ribeiro (PT)
Carapicuiba is a municipality in the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. It is one of the most populated municipal city and one of the smallest in area in the state of Sao Paulo. The population in 2012 is 373,358, its density is 10,677.4/km² and the area is 35 km².
Before the first white man arrived, the region which today is Carapicuiba was inhabited by indigenous people. The hamlet was founded by Jose de Anchieta. Afonso Sardinha settled there with his farm with the will to use the indigenous people as a workforce. He then built a chapel. The indigenous people soon reacted to the European occupation, and rushed into the jungle. By the 17th century, it was part of the recently created municipality of Santana do Parnaiba. Nothing much has changed in the hamlet during this century and the most of the 18th one.
From 1770 on, however, the city and its surroundings started to change noticeably, as new villages were settled, like Embu and Cotia. Houses were built around the main chapel, in which several "entrepreneur" (actually, people who arranged the parties with folklore-related themes) lived.
Until the Sorocabana Railway was implemented, in 1870, little was developed in the village. However, when a station was opened near the section of the tracks that run through the city, many people started to live in the city. During the first half of the 20th century, agriculture started to play a role in the economy of the village, because of the climate and quality of the land. A bus line starting in Barueri, running through Carapicuiba, Osasco and ending in Pinheiros was created to take people to Sao Paulo in alternate itineraries.
In 1948, Carapicuiba became a district of Cotia, when it became independent from Sao Paulo. An year later, it became part of Barueri, also as a district.
In 1952 the Parish Nossa Senhora Aparecida was built, and is now known as "Igreja Amarela" (Yellow Church), and the city population kept on increasing. The post-war times saw the vertiginous decrease of the prospecting in Minas Gerais, which lead to a large number of people to go to Sao Paulo state, a number of them settling in the city.
In the early 1960s, a movement in favor of the independence of Carapicuiba was led by the mayor of Barueri, Carlos Capriotti, and the district earned its city status in March 1965
In 2007-2008, the city gained national attention due to the Paturis Park murders.
The border with Barueri is a large plain formed by the side of the Rio Tiete. The exploration of sand in the area was so intensive that a large crater was formed. However, during the 1960s, the government of Sao Paulo state started a series of works to alter the route of the river, and the destruction of the wall between the river and the crater led to the flooding of it. Now, the place has become an artificial lake called "Lagoa de Carapicuiba" (Carapicuiba Lake). 8 thousand litres of sewage from the central, western and southern portions of the city of Sao Paulo pass through the lake towards Barueri. The average altitude is 717 meters and the climate is in general a humid subtropical climate.