Harman Patil (Editor)

Capparaceae

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Kingdom
  
Higher classification
  
Order
  
Scientific name
  
Capparaceae

Rank
  
Family

Capparaceae Flowering Plant Families UH Botany

Lower classifications
  
Caper, Spider flowers, Crateva religiosa, Cleome hassleriana, Maerua

The Capparaceae (or Capparidaceae), commonly known as the caper family, are a family of plants in the order Brassicales. As currently circumscribed, the family contains 33 genera and about 700 species. The largest genera are Capparis (about 150 species), Maerua (about 100 species), Boscia (37 species) and Cadaba (30 species).

Contents

Capparaceae Flowering Plant Families UH Botany

Relationships

Capparaceae Capparis indica Capparaceae image 478 at PlantSystematicsorg

The Capparaceae have long been considered closely related to and have often been included in the Brassicaceae, the mustard family (APG, 1998), in part because both groups produce glucosinolate (mustard oil) compounds. Subsequent molecular studies support Capparaceae sensu stricto as paraphyletic with respect to the Brassicaceae. However Cleome and several related genera are more closely related to members of the Brassicaceae than to the other Capparaceae. These genera are now either placed in the Brassicaceae (as subfamily Clemoideae) or segregated into the Cleomaceae. Several more genera of the traditional Capparaceae are more closely related to other members of the Brassicales, and the relationships of several more remain unresolved. Based on morphological grounds and supported by molecular studies, the American species traditionally identified as Capparis have been transferred to resurrected generic names. Several new genera have also been recently described.

Excluded genera

Capparaceae Capparis cynophallophora Capparaceae image 23484 at PhytoImages

  • Cleome L.Cleomaceae
  • Cleomella DC. → Cleomaceae
  • Dactylaena Schrad. ex Schult.f. → Cleomaceae
  • Forchhammeria Liebm.Stixaceae
  • Haptocarpum Ule → Cleomaceae
  • Koeberlinia Zucc. → Koeberliniaceae
  • Oxystylis Torr. & Frem. → Cleomaceae
  • Pentadiplandra Baill.Pentadiplandraceae
  • Podandrogyne Ducke → Cleomaceae
  • Polanisia Raf. → Cleomaceae
  • Setchellanthus Brandegee → Setchellanthaceae
  • Stixis Lour. → Stixaceae
  • Tirania Pierre → Stixaceae
  • Wislizenia Engelm. → Cleomaceae
  • Additional genera to be excluded from the Capparaceae, according to Kers in Kubitzki
  • Neothorelia Gagnep.
  • Borthwickia W.W.Sm. → Borthwickiaceae
  • Keithia Spreng.
  • Poilanedora Gagnep.
  • Buhsia Bunge
  • Niebuhria DC.

  • Capparaceae Angiosperm families Capparidaceae Juss

    Capparaceae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    Capparaceae Capparaceae Wikipedia la enciclopedia libre

    Capparaceae Capparaceae Capparis spp spinosa anthropogen

    Capparaceae Brassicales

    References

    Capparaceae Wikipedia