Relations between Canada and the Republic of China were established in 1942. Canada and Taiwan have active bilateral relations with each other.
Canada–Taiwan relations Wikipedia
In 1942, Canada posted its first ambassador for the Republic of China (the successor state to the Qing dynasty) in the wartime capital of Chongqing. The embassy was then moved to the permanent capital of Nanjing in 1946. However, with the Communist victory over the Nationalists, which caused them to be fled to Taiwan and the Communists established the People's Republic of China, the Canadian embassy in Nanjing was kept open until February 26, 1951. Canada maintained its diplomatic relations with Nationalist China.
On 13 October 1970, Canada recognized Communist China and suspended diplomatic relations with Nationalist China. In the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758 Canada supported the replacement of the ROC with the PRC. After diplomatic relations between Canada and Taiwan were suspended, both diplomatic missions were replaced by representative offices.
Presently, the Republic of China Government maintains the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Canada (Chinese: 駐加拿大臺北經濟文化代表處) in Ottawa, and two other offices in Vancouver and Toronto. Taiwan External Trade Development Council also has offices in Toronto and Vancouver.
The Government of Canada has also established the Canadian Trade Office in Taipei in Taipei.
Taiwan is one of Canada's most important trading partners in Asia. The main exports from Canada to Taiwan are metal ore, mineral oil, asphalt, wood, coal, nickel, meat and railway vehicles.
Canada is the 24th largest trade partner of Taiwan. The main exports from Taiwan to Canada are mobile devices, recording equipment, boilers, steel products, and plastic products.