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Campodimele

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Country  Italy
Province / Metropolitan city  Latina (LT)
Demonym(s)  Campomelani
Area  38 km²
Postal code  04020
Dialling code  0771
Region  Lazio
Elevation  647 m (2,123 ft)
Time zone  CET (UTC+1)
Local time  Tuesday 5:35 PM
Province  Province of Latina
Campodimele
Weather  9°C, Wind NW at 18 km/h, 57% Humidity

Campodimele is a town and comune in the province of Latina, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is located on a steep Karstic hill, between the Monti Ausoni and Monti Aurunci ranges.

Contents

Map of 04020 Campodimele Province of Latina, Italy

The economy is mostly based on agriculture.

History

Campus Mellis rose probably over the ruins of Apiola, a very ancient Latin city, destroyed by Tarquinius Priscus, fifth king of Rome (579 BC); the ruins of Apiola are visible 6 kilometres (4 mi) away from the present-day historic center of Campodimele. In the 6th century AD the Lombards established the first fortified settlement, while in the following century it was part of the possessions of the Monastery of Montecassino.

From 916 it was acquired by the Duchy of Gaeta. Campo de Melle is mentioned again in a donation by the Consul of Fondi in 1072. In 1087, Pope Victor III has a list of the abbey's property sculpted onto the bronze door of the Basilica of Montecassino. In 1384 it became a possession of the Caetani family of Fondi, but, in 1497, King Frederick IV of Naples gave the county of Fondi with the surrounding duchies, including Campodimele, to the Colonna family.

In 1534 Giulia Gonzaga fled here from the Algerian pirate Hayreddin Barbarossa. In 1591 the fief was inherited by Luigi Carafa, Prince of Stigliano. Campodimele gained municipal rights in 1813.

During World War II the Gustav Line passed from Campodimele. Alberto Moravia, who had been deported here, took inspiration from the happenings of the time for his novel La Ciociara.

Main sights

  • The walls (11th century AD).
  • Monastery of Sant'Onofrio, founded by Desiderius of Montecassino in the 11th century.
  • Parish church of San Michele Arcangelo, built in the 11th century over a pre-existing pagan temple.
  • Church of Annunziata (13th century)
  • Transportation

    Campodimele can be reached through the Liri Valley State Road 82.

    Longevity of residents

    Campodimele is known for the longevity of its residents, with the town's population now expected to live to an average age of 95.

    References

    Campodimele Wikipedia


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