Nisha Rathode (Editor)

Camille Doncieux

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Name  Camille Doncieux
Role  Claude Monet's wife

Died  September 5, 1879
Camille Doncieux Camille Doncieux Prints Posters amp Framed Wall Art
Spouse  Claude Monet (m. 1870–1879)
Similar People  Claude Monet, Jean Monet, Alice Hoschede, Ernest Hoschede, Frederic Bazille

Children  Jean Monet, Michel Monet

Claude et Camille Monet

Camille Doncieux (15 January 1847 – 5 September 1879) was the first wife of French painter Claude Monet. She was the subject of a number of paintings by Monet, as well as Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Édouard Manet. She was mother to two sons with Monet.


Camille Doncieux Camille Doncieux and Claude Monet my daily art display

Camille Doncieux.

Early life

Camille Doncieux Camille Monet Hole in the Clouds

Camille-Léonie Doncieux was born in the town of La Guillotiere, now part of Lyons, France, on 15 January 1847. Her father, Charles Claude Doncieux, was a merchant. He moved with his wife and daughter to Paris, near the Sorbonne, early in the Second French Empire (1852-1870). A few years after the birth of her sister, Geneviève-François in 1857, the family moved to Batignolles, now a part of the northwestern section of Paris. Batignolles was popular with artists.

Camille Doncieux Camille Doncieux I AM A CHILD

While in her teens, Doncieux began work as a model. She met Monet, seven years her senior, in 1865 and became his model posing for numerous paintings. She was Monet's mistress, living in poverty at the beginning of his career. His aunt and father did not approve of the relationship with Camille. During Camille's pregnancy with their first son, Monet left her in Paris and stayed at his aunt's country estate to protect the monthly cheque that he received from the family and give the appearance that he was no longer in a relationship with Camille. She was left behind in Paris without funds for her care.

Marriage and children

Camille Doncieux httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

In Paris on 8 August 1867, Camille Doncieux gave birth to Jean, her first son with Claude Monet. Claude, who had spent the summer in Sainte-Adresse visiting his father and aunt Sophie Lecadre, returned to Paris for the birth and stayed for several days afterwards before returning to Sainte-Adresse. He returned to Paris at the end of the year for the holidays and stayed in the cold one-room apartment that Camille shared with Jean. In 1868 Monet went to live with Camille and Jean in Paris, hiding the fact from his father and aunt who thought he abandoned "his mistress and child". To escape his creditors and live in a less expensive place, in the spring the three moved to Gloton, a small scenic village near Bennecourt. They were thrown out of the inn they were staying in for non-payment. Camille and Jean were able to stay with someone in the country, while Monet tried to obtain monies for survival.

Camille Doncieux Camille Doncieux the Wife of Claude Monet

Camille and Monet were married on 28 June 1870 in the 8th arrondissement of Paris during a civil ceremony. Painter Gustave Courbet was a witness. Although Monet's father was not present because he did not approve of his marriage, Camille's parents attended the ceremony. Upon her marriage, Camille received a 1,200 franc dowry, which represented two years interest on a principal investment that she would receive upon her father's death. Her parents stipulated that the dowry money should be kept in a separate account in Camille's name. This was done to protect the money from Claude Monet's creditors. The couple took their son Jean with them on their honeymoon to Trouville-sur-Mer and stayed at the Hotel Trivoli. Continuing to avoid creditors, Monet also sought to avoid being drafted to serve during the Franco-Prussian War. He left his bride and son to go to Le Havre, France to visit his ailing father and then on to England, "presumably" with money given to him by his father. Camille and Jean met up with him in England in October 1870.

They lived at Bath Place, now Kensington High Street, by early 1871. It was here that Monet made the only painting of Camille that he made in London. Entitled Repose, she sat in a chaise longue with a book on her lap.

Ernest and Alice Hoschedé came to live with the Monet after the rich family lost their fortune due to an "extravagant lifestyle". They lived with them first in Vétheuil and then the two families moved to a larger house on the road from Vétheuil to La Roche-Guyon that would support the 12 member Hoschedé and Monet families and a "handful of servants".

Their second son, Michel was born on 17 March 1878, and Camille's poor health was further degraded.

Illness and death

Camille became ill after the Hoschedés family came to live with the Monets. Much of the money that Monet had made on the sale of his paintings was used to pay for her medical care. Alice nursed her during her illness.

On her deathbed, last rites were given by a priest on 31 August 1879. He also sanctioned the Monets' marriage.

She died of pelvic cancer (although some sources say the cause of her death was tuberculosis, or possibly a botched abortion) on 5 September 1879 in Vétheuil. Monet painted her on her deathbed.

Art subject

She modeled for her husband on several occasions, including for the painting Camille (The Woman in the Green Dress), which received critical acclaim at the Paris salon and earned him 800 francs when sold to Arsène Houssaye. In addition to being Monet's favoured model, she also modelled for Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Édouard Manet.

Paintings by Claude Monet

The following is a list of paintings made of Camille:

  • Luncheon on the Grass (center), 1865
  • The Walk (Bazille and Camille), 1865
  • Camille with a Small Dog, 1866
  • Camille or The Woman in a Green Dress, 1866
  • Women in the Garden, 1866
  • Interior, after Dinner, 1868
  • River Scene at Bennecourt, 1868
  • The Landing Stage, 1869
  • Camille Sitting on the Beach at Trouville, 1870
  • Camille at the Beach at Trouville, 1870
  • Camille on the Beach, 1870
  • Madame Monet on a Couch, 1871
  • Springtime, 1872
  • Lilacs in the Sun, 1872
  • The Red Kerchief: Portrait of Mrs. Monet, 1873
  • The Bench, 1873
  • Ripose under the Lilacs, 1873
  • Poppy Field near Argenteuil, 1873
  • Camille Monet at a Window, Argenteuil, 1873
  • The Walk near Argenteuil, 1873
  • Camille and Jean Monet at the Garden of Argenteuil, 1873
  • Camille in the Garden with Jean, 1873
  • Woman Seated on a Bench, 1874
  • The Artist's Family in the Garden, 1875
  • Camille Monet and a Child in the Artist’s Garden in Argenteuil, 1875
  • Madame Monet Embroidering, 1875
  • Gladiolas, 1876
  • Camille Monet in Japanese Costume, 1876
  • Camille in the Garden at Argenteuil, 1876
  • Woman in Garden, 1876
  • In the Meadow, 1876
  • The Garden, Hollyhocks, 1877
  • Camille on her Deathbed, 1879
  • Gallery

  • Paintings by Claude Monet
  • Paintings by other artists
  • References

    Camille Doncieux Wikipedia

    Similar Topics
    Claude Monet
    The California Reich
    William F Readdy