| Oriental garden lizard, Spineless forest lizard, Calotes mystaceus|
Calotes is a genus of lizards in the draconine clade of the family Agamidae. The genus contains 27 species. Some species are known as forest lizards, others as "bloodsuckers" due to their red heads, and yet others (namely C. versicolor) as garden lizards.
Species in the genus Calotes are native to South Asia, southern China, mainland Southeast Asia and Ambon. Additionally, C. versicolor has been introduced to Florida (USA), Borneo, Sulawesi, the Seychelles, Mauritius and Oman. The greatest species richness of the genus is from the Western Ghats, northeast India, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Calotes is distinguished from related genera in having uniform-sized dorsal scales, and lacking a fold of skin extending between the cheek and shoulder, and in having proportionately stronger limbs than Pseudocalotes. Compared to Bronchocela, Calotes have a proportionately shorter tail and limbs. Calotes as we know it today was classified by Moody (1980) prior to which all of the above-mentioned genera were included in this genus.
The genus Calotes is still a heterogeneous group that may be divided into the C. versicolor and C. liocephalus groups. The former occurs through most of South Asia and further east. All species in this group have their dorsal and lateral scales directed upward. The latter is restricted to the southern Western Ghats and Sri Lanka. All species in this group have their scales directed back, or up and down, or down only. Whether further splitting is necessary or whether the groups constitute subgenera of a monophyletic Calotes remains to be studied.
Listed alphabetically.Calotes andamanensis Boulenger, 1891 – Andaman and Nicobar forest lizard, green crestless forest lizard
Calotes aurantolabium Krishnan, 2008 – orange-lipped forest lizard
Calotes bachae Hartmann et al., 2013
Calotes bhutanensis Biswas, 1975
Calotes calotes (Linnaeus, 1758) – common green forest lizard
Calotes ceylonensis (F. Müller, 1887) – painted-lip lizard, Ceylon bloodsucker
Calotes chincollium Vindum, 2003
Calotes desilvai Bahir & Maduwage, 2005 - Morningside lizard, Ceylon black-band whistling lizard
Calotes ellioti Günther, 1864 – Elliot's forest lizard
Calotes emma Gray, 1845 – Emma Gray's forest lizard, forest crested lizard
Calotes emma alticristatus K.P. Schmidt, 1925
Calotes emma emma Gray, 1845
Calotes grandisquamis Günther, 1864 – large-scaled forest lizard
Calotes htunwini Zug & Vindum, 2006
Calotes irawadi Zug, Brown, Schulte & Vindum, 2006
Calotes jerdoni Günther, 1870 – Jerdon's forest lizard
Calotes kingdonwardi (M.A. Smith, 1935) – Kingdonward's bloodsucker
Calotes liocephalus Günther, 1872 – spineless forest lizard, crestless lizard, lionhead agama
Calotes liolepis (Boulenger, 1885) – whistling lizard, Sri Lanka agama
Calotes manamendrai (Amarasinghe & Karunarathna, 2014)
Calotes maria Gray, 1845 – Khasi Hills forest lizard
Calotes medogensis (Zhao & Li, 1984) – Medog bloodsucker
Calotes mystaceus (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837) – Indo-Chinese forest lizard, blue-crested lizard
Calotes nemoricola Jerdon, 1853 – Nilgiri forest lizard
Calotes nigrilabris (W. Peters, 1860) – black-cheek lizard
Calotes nigriplicatus Hallermann, 2000
Calotes pethiyagodai (Amarasinghe, Karunarathna & Hallermann, 2014)
Calotes rouxii Duméril & Bibron, 1837 – Roux's forest lizard, Roux's forest Calotes
Calotes versicolor (Daudin, 1802) – Oriental garden lizard, changeable lizard, eastern garden lizard
Calotes versicolor farooqi Auffenberg & Rehman, 1993 – black-throated bloodsucker
Calotes versicolor versicolor (Daudin, 1802)
Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses or a trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species or the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Calotes.