Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Burchellia

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Clade  Eudicots
Order  Gentianales
Scientific name  Burchellia
Clade  Angiosperms
Clade  Asterids
Family  Rubiaceae
Rank  Genus
Burchellia kumbulanurserycozasiteskumbulanurseryfilesst
Similar  Rubiaceae, Mitriostigma, Kraussia, Aulacocalyx

Burchellia garden plants


Burchellia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. The genus contains only one species, viz. Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa: the Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal and the Northern Provinces in South Africa, and Swaziland. It is commonly known as "wild pomegranate" (English) or "wildegranaat" (Afrikaans).

Contents

Burchellia Burchellia bubalina Wild Pomegranate Buffalo Horn information

Description

Burchellia Photos of South African Plants Category Trees Image Burchellia

Burchellia bubalina is a small shrub or tree up to 8 metres tall. It has red flowers, grey-green bark and dark green leaves.

Uses

Burchellia Burchellia bubalina Grow Wild

The species is widely cultivated in frost-free gardens as an ornamental tree and has become a weed in some regions.

Systematics

The name of the genus was given in honour of William John Burchell, an African explorer.

Taxonomy

The taxon was revised by John Sims in the species' first description in Curtis's Botanical Magazine in 1822. He gives this account of the earlier taxonomic history:

Burchellia Burchellia bubalina L f Sims

In the Supplementum Plantarum of the younger Linnæus this plant was referred to the genus Lonicera, but as it belongs to the natural order of Rubiaceae it will by no means associate with that genus. Persoon joined it with Swartz's Cephælis, the Tapocomea of Aublet and Bernard de Jussieu; but Mr. Brown not finding it to accord with any established genus, has considered it as distinct from any, and given it the name of Burchellia in honour of Mr. Burchell, a very enterprising traveller in Southern Africa, who has favoured the public with an interesting account of his travels in that country. And, certainly, persons who, in spite of deprivations and difficulties, spend a large portion of their valuable time in such hazardous undertakings, for the promotion of science, merit this only reward of the botanist; but we can by no means approve of altering the specific name, which, when once established, should remain inviolate, except for very particular reasons; we have therefore thought it right to restore the name of bubalina.

Following the formal description, he wrote as follows:

Burchellia bubalina is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it is called Buffelhorn or Buffaloe-Horn, a name given it by the colonists from the extreme hardness of its wood. Flowers in the spring or summer. Requires to be protected from frost and we believe has seldom blossomed in this country without the assistance of the heat of the stove. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons.

References

Burchellia Wikipedia


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