Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality

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Country  South Africa
Wards  50
Municipal code  BUF
White population  7.7%
Native afrikaans speakers  7.2%
Seat  East London
Time zone  SAST (UTC+2)
Area  2,536 km²
Black african population  85.1%
Province  Eastern Cape
Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality ledcozasitesdefaultfilesimagesu690eastlon

University  Dale College Boys' High School
Points of interest  Inkwenkwezi Private Game Re, Amathole Museum, East London Zoo, Hemingways Casino, East London Museum

Buffalo City is a metropolitan municipality situated on the east coast of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It includes the towns of East London, Bhisho and King William's Town, as well as the large townships of Mdantsane and Zwelitsha.


Map of East London, South Africa

The municipality was established as a local municipality in 2000 after South Africa's reorganisation of municipal areas, and is named after the Buffalo River, at whose mouth lies the only river port in South Africa. On 18 May 2011 it was separated from the Amathole District Municipality and converted into a metropolitan municipality.

The area has a well-developed manufacturing base, with the auto industry playing a major role. Daimler AG through its wholly owned subsidiary Mercedes-Benz South Africa (MBSA) has a large assembly plant located next to the port of East London, which produces a variety of vehicles for export.

The climate is mild, with year-round sunshine. Average rainfall is 850mm (33.5 inches).

The population of 701,873 (2001) is largely Black (85.2%), with White (8.4%) and Coloured (5.7%) minorities. There is also a small Indian community (0.6%).

The previous mayor, Rev. Sindisile Maclean (ANC), was elected in 2000. History was made in Buffalo City when the City elected its first female mayor on Friday, 17 March 2006. Ntombentle Peter was voted in as Executive Mayor at the inaugural meeting of the new council following the municipal elections.

Main places

The 2011 census divided the municipality into the following main places:

Note:Only the most populated places are reported


The municipal council consists of one hundred members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifty councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifty wards, while the remaining fifty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of seats on the council.

The following table shows the results of the election.


The following hospitals are located in the municipal area:

  • Life Beacon Bay Hospital
  • Bhisho Provincial Hospital
  • Cecilia Makiwane Hospital (Mdantsane)
  • Duncan Village Day Hospital
  • East London Private Hospital
  • Fort Grey TB Hospital
  • Frere Hospital
  • Grey Provincial Hospital (King William's Town)
  • Grey Monument Private Clinic (King William's Town)
  • Mount Coke Hospital (replaced by Bhisho Hospital in December 1991)
  • Nkqubela Chest Hospital (Mdantsane)
  • St Dominic’s Hospital
  • St James Hospital
  • St Marks Clinic
  • Town twinning

    Buffalo City's town twins are:

  • Gävle, Sweden
  • Leiden, Netherlands
  • Milwaukee County, United States of America
  • References

    Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality Wikipedia