The Bryansk Front (Russian: Брянский_фронт) was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War.
General Andrei Yeremenko was designated commander of the Front when it first formed in mid-late August 1941, comprising, in Erickson's words, "on paper two armies, 50th and 13th, with eight rifle divisions each, three cavalry divisions, and one tank division but many of these formations were badly whittled down by battle losses." Two other armies from Soviet Central Front, 21st and 3rd Army, which had avoided encirclement at the Battle of Smolensk (1941), were promised but also badly worn down.
In late August along with the Western Front and the Reserve Front, the Bryansk Front launched a large but unsuccessful counteroffensive in the Smolensk, El'nia, and Roslavl regions to halt Army Group Centre's advance on Moscow. Despite some success by the Reserve Front at El'nia, the efforts by Bryansk Front were a failure.
After the failure of the Smolensk offensives, the seriously weakened front became trapped in an enormous encirclement in the lead-up to the Battle of Moscow. "Most of the troops found themselves encircled, and were fighting their way to the east," according to Zhukov. On 23 Oct., "thanks to heroic efforts they managed to break out of encirclement." On 10 Nov., the Bryansk Front was "disbanded".
On its second formation in late 1941 under Yakov Cherevichenko, it remained in existence for only about six months, being redesignated Voronezh Front on 7 July 1942. By the time of Operation Blau, the German summer offensive of 1942, the Front comprised the 3rd, 13th, 40th, 48th Armies, the 5th Tank Army, and the 2nd Air Army. It was then reformed, then disbanded on 11–12 March 1943 and its headquarters became HQ Kursk Front after a short time expecting to be the headquarters and the basis of the new Reserve Front.
It was later reformed, and by the time of the Battle of Kursk the Front consisted of the 11th, 3rd, 4th Tank, 61st, and 63rd Armies. Colonel General Markian Popov led it to liberate its namesake town in August and September 1943. Reformed from Orel Front 28 March 1943. On 10 October 1943 the STAVKA incorporated most of the Front's forces into the 1st Belorussian Front (former Central) and used Bryansk Front's HQ to form HQ Baltic Front, which then became the 2nd Baltic Front.
On 1 October 1944 the 2nd Baltic Front consisted of:3rd Shock Army
79th Rifle Corps
150th Rifle Division
171st Rifle Division
207th Rifle Division
100th Rifle Corps
21st Guards Rifle Division
28th Rifle Division
200th Rifle Division
10th Guards Army
7th Guards Rifle Corps
7th Rifle Division
8th Rifle Division
119th Guards Rifle Division
15th Guards Rifle Corps (29th, 30, 85th Guards Rifle Divisions)
19th Guards Rifle Corps (22, 56, 65GRD)
78th Tank Brigade
93rd Rifle Corps (219, 379, 391 Rifle Divisions)
130th Rifle Corps (43rd Guards Rifle Division, 308th Rifle Division)
37th Rifle Division, 155FR, 118TB
110th Rifle Corps (2, 168, 268RD)
124th Rifle Corps (48th, 123rd, 256th Rifle Divisions)
15th Air Army
14th Fighter Aviation Corps (4, 148, 293 Fighter Aviation Regiments),
188th Bomber Aviation Division,
214th Assault Aviation Division
225 Assault AvD
284th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division
313th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division
5th Tank Corps (24, 41, 70TB, 5MotRB)