Neha Patil (Editor)

Breguet Richet Gyroplane

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First flight  September 29, 1907
Designer  Louis Charles Breguet
Manufacturer  Breguet Aviation
Breguet-Richet Gyroplane Breguet BreguetRichet Gyroplane

The Breguet-Richet Gyroplane was an early French experimental quadcopter rotary-wing aircraft developed by Breguet Aviation.

Contents

Design and development

Breguet-Richet Gyroplane The Pioneers An Anthology Louis Charles Brguet 1880 1955

The Gyroplane No.I was one of the earliest attempts to create a practical rotary-wing aircraft. It was designed by the Breguet brothers with help from Professor Charles Richet. The aircraft had an uncovered open steel framework with a seat for the pilot and a powerplant at the centre. Radiating from the central structure were four wire-braced tubular steel arms, each bearing a superimposed pair of four-bladed rotors. To eliminate the torque effect, two rotor sets were driven clockwise and two counter-clockwise.

Operational service

Breguet-Richet Gyroplane Intelligent Flight Control of an Autonomous Quadrotor InTechOpen

On 29 September 1907, the Gyroplane No.I was flown for the first time, albeit to an elevation of only 0.6 metres (2.0 ft). It was not a free flight, as four men were used to steady the structure. It was neither controllable nor steerable, but it was the first time that a rotary-wing device had lifted itself and a pilot into the air. It later flew up to 1.52 m (4.99 ft) above the ground. The design was improved and the Gyroplane No.II appeared the following year. No.II had two two-blade rotors of 7.85 m (25.75 ft) diameter and also had fixed wings. Powered by a 41 kW (55 hp) Renault engine, it was reported to have flown successfully more than once in 1908. No.II was damaged in a heavy landing and was rebuilt as the No.IIbis. It flew at least once in April 1909 before being destroyed when the company's works were badly damaged in a severe storm.

Specifications (No.I)

General characteristics

Breguet-Richet Gyroplane Intelligent Flight Control of an Autonomous Quadrotor InTechOpen
  • Crew: one
  • Height: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb)
  • Gross weight: 578 kg (1,274 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Antoinette water-cooled piston engine, 34 kW (46 hp)
  • Main rotor diameter: 4× 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
  • Main rotor area: 402.2 m2 (4,329 sq ft) biplane rotors
  • Performance

  • Endurance: 1 minute
  • Service ceiling: 0.6 m (2 ft)

  • Breguet-Richet Gyroplane The Pioneers An Anthology Louis Charles Brguet 1880 1955
    Breguet-Richet Gyroplane wwwaviastarorgfotobreguetgyrojpg
    Breguet-Richet Gyroplane BreguetRichet Gyroplane Wikipedia
    Breguet-Richet Gyroplane BreguetRichet Gyroplane No1 helicopter development history
    Breguet-Richet Gyroplane BreguetRichet Gyroplane No2 helicopter development history

    References

    Breguet-Richet Gyroplane Wikipedia


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