| Bradford Gilbert|| Architect|
| September 1911, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States|
Tower Building, Flatiron Building, Chateau Laurier, North Abington Depot, William G Raoul House
Bradford Gilbert Wikipedia
Bradford Lee Gilbert (March 24, 1853–September 1, 1911) was an American architect based in New York City.
Gilbert is best known for designing the first steel-framed curtain wall building in New York, the Tower Building, which opened at 50 Broadway in 1889. The Tower Building is considered New York City's first skyscraper. There is some dispute as to whether the Tower Building had eleven or thirteen floors, depending on which floors were counted and which side of the building was considered. It had to have the steel-frame construction because on its narrow lot, masonry-supporting walls would have allowed almost no free space on the first floor. Gilbert's design used the same frame as a railroad bridge, but rotated vertically.
The Tower Building was initially greeted with great skepticism, with members of the public predicting it would blow over. This prompted Gilbert to scale the building in the middle of an 1889 hurricane to demonstrate with a plumb line that the building was not vibrating. The building was razed in 1914.
Born in Watertown, New York, Gilbert had been appointed architect of the New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad by the age of 23. Among his extensive work for multiple railroads across the country, Gilbert also designed a previous version of New York City's Grand Central Terminal in 1898.
Most of his New York buildings have been demolished, but his landmark eleven story Flatiron Building (1898) still stands in Atlanta, Georgia, and predates the similar and more famous New York City Flatiron Building by five years.
Gilbert was also the supervising architect for the Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition (1895) and the South Carolina Inter-State and West Indian Exposition (1901).
Gilbert died at his home in Brooklyn in 1911, aged 58, survived by his wife and daughter.
(listed by year built)South Side Sportsmen's Club, Great River, New York, 1866
New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad Station, Avon, New York, 1879
Flint and Pere Marquette Railroad East Saginaw Depot, Saginaw, Michigan, 1881
Central Railroad & Rockaway Valley R.R. Station, Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, 1890
Central Railroad of New Jersey Station, Main Street, Whitehouse, New Jersey, 1890
Beaverkill Lodge - Bradford Lee Gilbert's summer residence (aka Dundas Castle), Craig-E-Clair, Roscoe, New York, ca. 1891
Laconia Passenger Station, Laconia, New Hampshire, 1892
Old Colony Railroad Depot, Canton Junction, Canton, Massachusetts, 1892
Concord & Montreal Railroad Passenger Station, Amoskeag, New Hampshire, 1892
Caldwell Railway Passenger Station, Essex-Fells, New Jersey, 1892
New York, New Haven and Hartford Depot, Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 1893
Concord & Montreal Railroad Station, Depot Street, New Boston, New Hampshire, 1893
New York, Ontario & Western Railroad Station, Low Avenue off Wickham Avenue, Middletown, Orange County, New York, 1893
New York, New Haven and Hartford Depot, North Abington, Massachusetts, 1894
Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad Depot, 600 East 3rd Street, Sedalia, Missouri, 1895
Flatiron Building, Atlanta, Georgia, 1897
Boston & Maine RR Passenger Station, 10 Park Street, Beverly, Massachusetts, 1897
Central Station, for the Illinois Central Railroad, Chicago, Illinois, 1893, razed 1974
Central Railroad of New Jersey Passenger Station, Lebanon, New Jersey, 1899
D.,L. & W. R.R. Passenger Station, Bernardsville, New Jersey, 1901
William G. Raoul House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1901 (destroyed by fire in 1991)
Central Railroad of New Jersey Plainfield Twin Passenger Station, Plainfield, New Jersey, 1902
Long Island Rail Road Passenger Station, Oyster Bay, New York, 1902
Long Island Railroad Passenger Station and Baggage Building, Railroad Plaza, Southampton, New York, 1902
Philadelphia & Reading Company Passenger Station, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, 1903
Tower Building, New York, New York, 1889, razed 1914
Gilbert was also heavily involved in the work of Jerry McAuley, noted missionary at the Water Street Rescue Mission in New York and continued to support the mission after McAuley's death in 1884. Gilbert was first married in 1871 in New York to Cora, daughter of Captain John Rathbone.
After his divorce, Gilbert wed Maria (Fahy) McAuley, widow of Jerry McAuley in 1892 in Cranford, New Jersey. On February 12, 1896, Bradford and Maria had a daughter, Blossom.