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Boulogne-Billancourt ([bulɔɲ bijɑ̃kuʁ]; often colloquially called simply Boulogne) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.2 km (5.1 mi) from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a subprefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt. With an average household income in 2013 of €47,592, nearly twice the French average of €25,548, Boulogne-Billancourt is one of the wealthiest cities in France.
Boulogne-Billancourt is the most populous suburb of Paris and one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe. Formerly an important industrial site, it has successfully reconverted into business services and is now home to major communication companies headquartered in the Val de Seine business district.
The original name of the commune was Boulogne-sur-Seine (meaning "Boulogne upon Seine").
Before the 14th century, Boulogne was a small village called Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud (meaning "Menuls near Saint-Cloud"). In the beginning of the 14th century, King Philip IV of France ordered the building in Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud of a church dedicated to the virgin of the sanctuary of Boulogne-sur-Mer, then a famous pilgrimage center in northern France. The church, meant to become a pilgrimage centre closer to Paris than the distant city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, was named Notre-Dame de Boulogne la Petite ("Our Lady of Boulogne the Minor"). Gradually, the village of Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud became known as Boulogne-la-Petite, and later as Boulogne-sur-Seine.
In 1924, Boulogne-sur-Seine was officially renamed Boulogne-Billancourt to reflect the development of the industrial neighbourhood of Billancourt annexed in 1860 (see history section below).
As for the name Billancourt, it was recorded for the first time in 1150 as Bullencort, sometimes also spelled Bollencort. It comes from Medieval Latin cortem, accusative of cors, meaning "enclosure", "estate", suffixed to the Germanic patronym Buolo (meaning "friend, brother, kinsman"), thus having the meaning of "estate of Buolo".
On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the communes of Auteuil and Passy were disbanded and divided between Boulogne-Billancourt (then called Boulogne-sur-Seine) and the city of Paris. Boulogne-sur-Seine received a small part of the territory of Passy, and about half of the territory of Auteuil (including the area of Billancourt, which belonged to the disbanded commune of Auteuil).
Some of the shooting events of the 1900 Summer Olympics took place in Boulogne-Billancourt.
In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris. On that occasion, Boulogne-Billancourt, to which most of the Bois de Boulogne belonged, lost about half of its territory.
Boulogne-Billancourt is famous for being the birthplace of three major French industries: cinema, automobile with Renault at Île Seguin, and aircraft. It is also famous for being the setting of the TV show Code Lyoko.The ecologic neighborhood of the Trapèze in Boulogne-Billancourt: the district stands on 74ha and will be able to contain up to 18000 inhabitants at the end of its construction. 65% of the district's energy is brought by geothermal power, which heats and freshens the buildings. Solar panels and a vegetable greenhouse were installed in the aim to link the district to sustainable energies.Bicycle and “soft” travels will of course be put first to reduce the pollution caused by cars, and others vehicules which do not run on electricity.
With the city of Sèvres, Boulogne-Billancourt is part of the communauté d'agglomération Val de Seine.
Boulogne-Billancourt is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 10: Boulogne – Jean Jaurès and Boulogne – Pont de Saint-Cloud.
It is also served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 9: Marcel Sembat, Billancourt, and Pont de Sèvres.
Boulogne-Billancourt hosts the global headquarters of several multinational companies, including:Alcatel-Lucent
Française des Jeux
Prior to 2000 Schneider Electric's head office was in Boulogne-Billancourt.The Musée Albert-Kahn at 14, rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt is a national museum and includes four hectares of gardens, joining together landscape scenes of various national traditions. The museum also includes historic photographs and film.
The Musée des Années Trente is a museum of artistic and industrial objects from the 1930s.
See also: Enseignement à Boulogne-Billancourt (French)
The public collèges (middle schools) in the commune include Jacqueline-Auriol, Bartholdi, Paul-Landowski, and Jean-Renoir. The public high schools are the Lycée Jacques-Prévert and the Lycée polyvalent Étienne-Jules-Marey. Prior to the September 1968 opening of Prévert, the first high school/sixth-form in Boulogne, an annex of Lycée La Fontaine served the city.
The private school Groupe Scolaire Maïmonide Rambam covers maternelle through lycée. There is also the private high school Notre-Dame. The latter's performance and ranking in Boulogne-Billancourt are given by its success of baccalaureate rate in different series. According to the ranking of L'Express in 2015, the national rank of Notre-Dame de Boulogne was 170 out of 2301 and 7 out of 52 at department level. The private schools Dupanloup and Saint-Joseph-du-Parchamp serve maternelle through collège. Private maternelle and élémentaire schools include Saint-Alexandre and Saint-François d’Assise. Jardin de Solférino and La Maison de l'Enfant are private maternelles.
The Association Eveil Japon (エベイユ学園 Ebeiyu Gakuen), a supplementary Japanese education program, is located in Boulogne-Billancourt.
Boulogne-Billancourt was the birthplace of:Pierre Bellemare, actor, writer
Pape Badiane, basketball player
Bertrand Blier (born 14 March 1939), screenwriter and film director; son of Bernard Blier
Hubert Le Blon, (21 March 1874 -2 April 1910), automobilist and pioneer aviator.
Christophe Boltanski (born 10 July 1962), writer and journalist
Booba, (born 1976) rapper
Daniel Buren (born 1938), conceptual artist
Guillaume Canet (born 10 April 1973), actor, screenwriter and director
Leslie Caron (born 1931), film actress and dancer
Benjamin Castaldi (born 28 March 1970), TV presenter and producer; son of actor Jean-Pierre Castaldi, former husband of fellow TV presenter Flavie Flament
Matthieu Chedid (born 21 December 1971), composer, singer, guitarist; son of fellow singer and composer Louis Chedid and grandson of writer and poet Andrée Chedid.
Michel Combes (born 1962), French businessman; the current CEO of Alcatel-Lucent
Guillaume Connesson (born May 5, 1970), composer
Édith Cresson (born 1934), politician, former Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand's presidency
Xavier de Roux (born 1940), politician
Michel Deville (born 13 April 1931), screenwriter and film director
Alain Feydeau (born 21 July 1934), actor
Laurent Garnier (born 1 February 1966), electronic music producer/DJ
Anna Gavalda (born 1970), best-selling novelist
Hippolyte Girardot (born 10 October 1955), actor
André Glucksmann (1937-2015), political philosopher, writer
Anne Goscinny (born 19 May 1968), daughter of comics-maker René Goscinny (Astérix), and writer Gilberte Goscinny
David Hallyday, (born David Smet on 14 August 1966), composer, pop rock singer; son of singers Johnny Hallyday (born Jean-Philippe Smet) and Sylvie Vartan, cousin of actress Laura Smet and actor Michael Vartan
Raphaël Hamburger, (born on 2 April 1981), music supervisor, son of singers Michel Berger (born Michel Hamburger) and France Gall
Raphaël Haroche, (born 7 November 1975), singer, songwriter and actor
Jacques Huntzinger, (born 1 August 1943), ambassador
Henri Kagan (born 1930), chemist
Keny Arkana (born 20 December 1982), Argentinian-French rapper, and co-founder of the social movement La Rage du peuple
Sandrine Kiberlain (born 25 February 1968), actress; wife of fellow French actor Vincent Lindon
Louise L. Lambrichs (born 1952), novelist and screenwriter
Gérard Lanvin (born 21 June 1950), actor
Corinne Lepage (born 11 May 1951), politician
Marc Levy (born 16 October 1961), international best-sellers writer
Thierry Lhermitte (born 24 November 1952), actor, co-writer (usually with the band of the Splendid), director, producer.
Nicolas Mahut (born January 21, 1982), tennis player
François Mativet (born May 21, 1949), guitarist
Patrick Modiano (born 30 July 1945), writer, winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature
Nelson Monfort (born 12 March 1954), TV presenter, translator, sports commentator for French public television.
Thibault de Montaigu (born 21 December 1978), writer and journalist
Roger Monteaux (born 18 July 1879), actor
Bulle Ogier (born Marie-France Thielland on 9 August 1939), actress
Claude Pinoteau, actor, director, writer, producer
Jérôme Pradon (born 3 June 1964), stage actor
Thierry Roland (1934-2012), football specialist, sports journalist, TV commentator and presenter.
Baron Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs
Véronique Sanson, singer
Alain Sarde (born 28 March 1952), former actor, now writer and producer.
Catherine Spaak (born 3 April 1945), actress
Agnès Spaak (born 29 April 1944), actress
Georgette Tissier (26 June 1910 – 30 March 1957 in Paris), actress
Marie Trintignant (1962–2003), actress
Gaspard Ulliel, (born 25 November 1984), actor, model
Michael Vartan (born 1968), French-American actor
Marin de Viry (born 1962), writer
Zazie (Isabelle de Truchis de Varennes, born 1964), singer-songwriter
Adrien W. Jenot (born November 1, 1980), France-Canada Graphic designer/Typographer
HI&RH Prince Lorenz of Belgium Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary (born 1955), banker and husband to HI&RH Princess Astrid of Belgium Archduchess of Austria-Este daughter of HRH King Albert II of Belgium and sister of HM King Philippe of the Belgians
Boulogne-Billancourt is twinned with:Since 1955:
Anderlecht, Brussels, Belgium
Neukölln, Berlin, Germany
Hammersmith and Fulham, Greater London, England
Zaanstad, North Holland, Netherlands
Marino, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Irving, Texas, United States
Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire