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Bosna (river)

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Basin area  10,457 km²
Discharge  174 m³/s
Mouth  Sava
Length  271 km
Source  Vrelo Bosne
Bridges  Roman bridge on Ilidža
Bosna (river) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
- location  Igman, Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- location  Bosanski Šamac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- average  174 m/s (6,145 cu ft/s)
Cities  Zenica, Visoko, Doboj, Maglaj, Šamac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Modriča

The river Bosna ([bɔ̂sna]) (Cyrillic: Босна) is the third longest river in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is considered one of the country's three major internal rivers, along with the Neretva and the Vrbas; the other three major rivers of Bosnia and Herzegovina are the Una, to the northwest, the Sava, to the north, and the Drina, to the east. It is the namesake of Bosnia. The Bosna flows for 271 kilometers (168 mi).

Contents

Map of Bosnia, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The river is possibly mentioned for the first time during the 1st century AD by Roman historian Marcus Velleius Paterculus under the name Bathinus flumen. Another basic source that are associated with the hydronym Bathinus is the Salonitan inscription of the governor of Dalmatia, Publius Cornelius Dolabella, where it's said that the Bathinum river divides the Breuci from the Osseriates. According to philologist Anton Mayer the name Bosna could be derived from Illyrian Bass-an-as(-ā) which would be a diversion of the Proto-Indo-European root *bhoĝ-, meaning "the running water".

Course and tributariesEdit

The Bosna river also makes up the Bosna River Valley, the country's industrial center and home to close to a million people, as well as the location of several major cities. The river's biggest tributaries are the Željeznica, Miljacka, Fojnica, Lašva, Gostović, Krivaja, Usora, and Spreča rivers.

Its source is at the spring Vrelo Bosne, at the foothills of the Mount Igman, on the outskirts of Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The spring is one of Bosnia and Herzegovina's chief natural landmarks and tourist attractions. From there, the Bosna flows northwards, through the heart of Bosnia, eventually becoming a right tributary of the Sava River in Bosanski Šamac. The Bosna flows through a number of cantons. From its starting point in the Sarajevo Canton, it flows through Zenica-Doboj Canton, Doboj Region, and Posavina Canton, in that order. On its way north the River Bosna also passes through the cities of Visoko, Zenica, Maglaj, Doboj, Modriča and Bosanski Šamac.

References

Bosna (river) Wikipedia


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