| Central Luzon|
(as a barrio of Meycauayan)
Eduardo "Jon-Jon" Villanueva, Jr.
| Dr. Yangas Francisco Balagtas College, College of Mt. Carmel|
Bocaue (Filipino: Bukawe, ) is a first class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines.
According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 106,407 people. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the town is now part of the metropolis built-up area, which reaches San Ildefonso at Bulacan provinces northernmost part and continues into Nueva Ecija.
There are three road crossings in town that are heavily congested during the rush hours: Lolomboy, Wakas and Bocaue road crossings. The Bocaue River runs through most of the town, and the Bocaue Museum is located near the center. The Bocaue River Festival is celebrated on the first Sunday of every July.
The municipality of Bocaue lies 24.5 kilometres (15.2 mi) northeast of Manila via the Gen. Arthur MacArthur, Jr. Highway and is located at the mid-southwestern portion of Bulacan. The town is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Balagtas and a portion of the municipality of Santa Maria; by the municipalities of Marilao and Obando on the south; a larger portion of Santa Maria on the east; a portion of the municipality of Bulakan on the extreme southwestern side; and a portion of Balagtas on the western side.
Bocaue is traversed by the Bocaue River, a tributary of the Santa Maria River from the Angat River. The main source of Angat River and its tributaries is the Sierra Madre mountain range. Along these rivers are many man-made fish ponds used for raising and farming fish like the bangus and tilapia.
Etymology The towns name comes from the old Tagalog word "Bokawe" which refers to a type of long bamboo.
Bocaue was first establish by Franciscan missionaries from Meycauayan as its barrio and visita in 1582 and the town was officially established in April 11, 1606 under the advocacy of San Martin de Tours. It is the first town granted independency from the Old Meycauayan,then a very large town comprising the present Meycauayan,Marilao,Sta Maria,San Jose del Monte,Obando,Valenzuela.
After the Philippine–American War the Philippine Commission was established and the Americans reorganized the Philippine Municipalities and Provinces.In Bulacan Province was reduced its town from 26 to 19 towns that was in 1903,the town of Balagtas was annexed to Bocaue which regain its independency and reestablished as a town in 1911.
During the river festival of July 2, 1993, tragedy struck when around 500 people rode the floating pagoda of the miraculous Holy Cross of Wawa way beyond its capacity, causing it to sink, killing more than two hundred people. Despite the lives lost, no one has been made accountable for the tragedy. This incident became known as the Bocaue Pagoda Tragedy.
On the morning of 31 December 2007, ten fireworks stores burned in Barangay Turo, Bocaue, causing a series explosions within the area, injuring 7 persons.
Bocaue is about 27 kilometers north of Manila via the North Luzon Expressway and the Bocaue Exit (in Barangay Turo). The town is the center route for this highway that provides fast transport to Metro Manila. Its major industry is fireworks, making it the "Fireworks Capital of the Philippines".
A small art gallery beside the towns McDonalds restaurant called Twenty-Twenty (owned by the towns ophthalmologist and her art photographer husband) sells works by a number of Bulacan painters. Nationally-known Bocauenos in the arts include choreographer Francisca Reyes Aquino and TV actress Jewel Mische. Lauro Delgado, a former veteran character actor of Premiere Productions from the early 1950s up to the late 1970s, is also a Bocaue native born in Bunducan.
Bocaue is also famous for its Bocaue liempo, crispy pata, rellenong bangus (stuffed milkfish) and various sorts of rice cakes, embroidered barong Tagalog and Filipiniana outfits.
The Francisca Reyes Aquino Shrine, under the management of the Philippines National Historical Institute, is a shrine erected in honor of Francisca Reyes Aquino. Aquino was a recipient of a National Artist Award for her significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts and to the cultural heritage of the country, particularly in the field of native dance. The shrine was erected on the compound of Lolomboy Elementary School in Lolomboy, Bocaue, Bulacan.