Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population 300,000 (2012)
|Governorate Sharqia Governorate|
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Local time Wednesday 10:49 PM
|Weather 16°C, Wind W at 11 km/h, 84% Humidity|
Bilbeis tollbooth to ismalaya canal pt 1 mov05735 mpg
Bilbeis (Egyptian Arabic: بلبيس [belˈbeːs]; Coptic: Phelbs) is an ancient fortress city on the eastern edge of the southern Nile delta in Egypt, the site of the Ancient city and former bishopric of Phelbes and a Latin Catholic titular see.
- Bilbeis tollbooth to ismalaya canal pt 1 mov05735 mpg
- Map of Belbes Markaz Belbes Ash Sharqia Governorate Egypt
- Ss bilbeis jaffa shore
- Ecclesiastical History
- Titular see
Map of Belbes, Markaz Belbes, Ash Sharqia Governorate, Egypt
The city is small in size but densely populated, with over 300,000 residents. It also houses the Egyptian Air Force Academy complex, which contains the town's largest public school in Al-Zafer. The mosque of Sadat Qureish, which is the oldest mosque in Egypt, and one may say the entire continent of Africa, is located in Belbeis.
Ss bilbeis jaffa shore
The city was important enough in the Roman province of Augustamnica Secunda to become a bishopric.
The city played a role in the machinations for control of the Fatimid vizierate: first in 1164, when Shirkuh was besieged in the city by the combined forces of Shiwar and crusader king Amalric I of Jerusalem for three months; then again in 1168 when the city was assaulted again by Amalric's army, who took the city after three days on 4 November and indiscriminately killed the inhabitants. This atrocity angered the Coptic Egyptians, who had seen the Crusaders as deliverers but had suffered as much as the Muslim inhabitants of Bilbeis. The Copts ended their support of the Crusaders and united with their non-Christian neighbors against the foreigners. (See Crusader invasion of Egypt.)
In 1798, its fortifications were rebuilt at the order of Napoleon.
The bishopric, a suffragan of the Metropolitan of provincial capital Leontopolis, faded.
The diocese of Phelbes was nominally restored in 1933 as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.
It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
Bilbeis is classified by Köppen-Geiger climate classification system as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt.