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Bible translations into Prekmurje Slovene

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The first New Testament in Prekmurje Slovene appeared in 1771: the Nouvi Zákon of István Küzmics. This was distinct from Bible translations into Slovene, such as that of Miklós Küzmics.

Contents

Between the 16th and 19th centuries there were few literary standards for Slovene in Styria, Carniola, Carinthia, Hungary, and the Slovenian Littoral. Primož Trubar published the fully translations of the books in the New Testament, Jurij Dalmatin the full Bible. Other regional standards did not produced more experiments, only the Prekmurje dialect spoken in Hungary.

First experiments

The Hungarian Slovenes also knew the central Slovene books and Dalmatin's Bible, but hardly understood the central Slovene. They also used a few Kajkavian books. In the 16th century, writers experimented with a separate Prekmurje written standard and the Old Hymnal of Martjanci (the second book) contained Psalms (Žoltárje, 30, 23, 14, 95, 146, 133, 12, 42, 46), mostly adaptations from Kajkavian Croatian.

The first Kajkavian printed book Postilla from Antun Vramec also have citations from the Gospels. András Rogan, priest of Dekležin (Dokležovje) was transcribe the Postilla, but this manuscript has some Prekmurje lexemes.

Ferenc Temlin published the first printed book in Prekmurje Slovene in 1715, which was still influenced by Kajkavian. This book contains a few citations and psalms (145, 147). The Abeczedarium Szlowenszko (1725) can be found the fully translation of the 5., 6. and 23. psalm. Although this book also influenced by the Kajkavian, the psalms is adoptations from the Dalmatin's Bible. Mihály Szever Vanecsai in his book Réd zvelicsánsztva'1 translate the 1., 25. and 32. psalm.

István Küzmics

István Küzmics's work the fully translation of the New Testament, the Nouvi Zákon. Küzmics argues, that the Hungarian Slovenes expressly require the Bible in his mothere, which is the Hungarian Slovene language (vogrſzki szlovenszki jezik; i.e., the Prekmurje dialect) because the central Slovene literature was not sufficient. Küzmics's Hungarian patrons also encouraged him to work in the 1750s. Küzmics sought to write in the authentic dialect, but preserved more Kajkavisms and taking words from Central Slovene, German, Latin, Hungarian, Czech, and Slovak. Nouvi Zákon is also a unique work in European literature, especially when one takes into consideration that the number of Slovenes during Küzmics's lifetime was very low (c. 15,000).

Miklós Küzmics

Miklós Küzmics Roman Catholic priest from Kajkavian and Latin language translate in the 1760s the Szvéti evangyeliomi (Holy Gospels), the first Catholic Bible translation, but he could not be published. His source was the Kajkavian Szveti evangeliomi from Nikola Krajačević, which was popular book among the Hungarian Slovenes and István Küzmics also used in the translation of the Nouvi Zákon. János Szily, first bishop of Szombathely supported the publication of the Szvéti evangyeliomi and other Küzmics's books.

Sándor Terplán

Sándor Terplán, the priest of Puconci in 1848 was published the third issue of Nouvi Zákon, Nôvi Zákon titled. Terplán replaced the ej, ou diphthongs with ê, ô characters. Terplán also dealt with translating complete Bible: in 1848 published along with the Nôvi Zákon the Book of Psalms (Knige 'zoltárszke) in the Prekmurje dialect. In 1847 published course-book Dvakrat 52 Bibliszke Historie (Twice 52 Histories from the Bible). Terplán died early, so he could not continue the work.

István Zsemlics

According to Božidar Raič, István Zsemlics catholic priest wrote a book about the historys of Bible. The manuscript was never published in print.

Literature

  • Marko Jesenšek: Življenje in delo Jožefa Borovnjaka, Maribor 2008.
  • Franci Just: Med verzuško in pesmijo, Poezija Prekmurja v prvi polovici 20. stoletja, Murska Sobota Franc-Franc 2000.
  • Jožef Smej: Nouvi Zákon Števana Küzmiča (1771) v luči sodobnega ekumenizma, Bogoslovni vestnik 64.
  • Jožef Smej: O prevodih psalmov v prekmurščino od martjanske pesmarice II do Pusztaijeve pesmarice 1893, Slavistična revija 53. 2005.
  • Jožef Smej: Prevajanje Svetega pisma v stari slovenski jezik, Stopinje 2008.
  • Predgovor, Nouvi Zákon, Števan Küzmič, Pokrajinski muzej Murska Sobota, edition: Franc Kuzmič, Murska Sobota 2008. ISBN 978-961-6579-04-9
  • References

    Bible translations into Prekmurje Slovene Wikipedia


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