| Great Plain and North|
Tuesday 9:50 PM
| 10°C, Wind SE at 8 km/h, 65% Humidity|
Palóc Museum, Nyírjesi Füvészkert és Vadas, Orthodox Jewish cemetery, Civitas Fortissima Museum
Balassagyarmat (formerly Balassa-Gyarmath, Slovak: Balašske Ďarmoty, German: Jahrmarkt) is a town in northern Hungary. It was the seat of the Nógrád comitatus.
The town's coat-of-arms bears the Latin inscription "Civitas Fortissima" (the bravest city), because in January 1919 Czechoslovak troops crossed the demarcation line delineated in December 1918 in preparation for the Treaty of Trianon, illegally occupying towns south of the line, including Balassagyarmat. The local population managed to push back the Czechoslovak troops in a serious military encounter in which many of the civilian participants lost their lives.
The heroics of the town's people against the illegal and unprovoked invasion has been immortalised in the Kárpátia(hu) song "Civitas Fortissima"
During World War II, May 9, 1944, Germans kept 3,000 Jews from the town and the surrounding villages imprisoned in a ghetto. They are all sent to Auschwitz concentration camp on June 11 and 14, 1944.
Balassagyarmat was captured on 9 December 1944 by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in the course of the Budapest Offensive.
The town lies on the left bank of the Ipoly river, which marks the state border with Slovakia.
In 2001 Balassagyarmat had 18,474 inhabitants. The population were homogeneous with Hungarian majority (Magyars 98%, Romani 2%), 100% of the total population speak Hungarian as their mother tongue.Balassi (Balassa) family (means "from Balassa")
Bálint Balassi (aka Balassa) (1554, Zólyom - 1594)
Josef Dobrovský (1753–1829), a Czech philologist and historian
Márk Rózsavölgyi (1789–1848)
Rabbi Maier Zipser (1815–1869, Rechnitz)
Károly Balogh de Mankó Bük (1879-1944), Hungarian statesman and writer.
Iván Nagy (1824–1898), genealogist, heraldic, historian (hu)
Father János Zádori (1831, Kátlovce - 1887), a Hungarian Ecclesiastical writer, lived here
Albert Kenessey (1889–1973)
Rose & Jenny Dolly, Hungarian-American dancers and actresses
Lőrinc Szabó (de Gáborján) (1900, Miskolc - 1957), a poet and literary translator, lived here
Lajos Ligeti (1902–1987), orientalist (hu)
Ernő Zórád (1911–2004) (hu)
Károly Jobbágy (1921–1998) (hu)
Iván Markó (born 1947), dancer (hu)
Zoltán Szlezák (born 1967), football player
Orsolya Szatmári (born 1975) (hu)
Sigmund Streisinger (born 1880-1942) (hu) - Famous glazer; moved to the United States in the early 1900s
Balassagyarmat is twinned with: Romania Dej
Italy Lamezia Terme
Slovakia Slovenské Ďarmoty