Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Balassagyarmat

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Covid-19
Country  Hungary
Region  Northern Hungary
Subregion  Balassagyarmati
Area  29.03 km²
Population  16,055 (2013)
Area code  35
Statistical large region  Great Plain and North
County  Nógrád
Time zone  CET (UTC+1)
Founded  1241
Local time  Tuesday 9:50 PM
Team  Balassagyarmati VSE
Balassagyarmat
Weather  10°C, Wind SE at 8 km/h, 65% Humidity
Points of interest  Palóc Museum, Nyírjesi Füvészkert és Vadas, Orthodox Jewish cemetery, Civitas Fortissima Museum

Balassagyarmat (formerly Balassa-Gyarmath, Slovak: Balašske Ďarmoty, German: Jahrmarkt) is a town in northern Hungary. It was the seat of the Nógrád comitatus.

Contents

Map of Balassagyarmat, 2660 Hungary

History

The town's coat-of-arms bears the Latin inscription "Civitas Fortissima" (the bravest city), because in January 1919 Czechoslovak troops crossed the demarcation line delineated in December 1918 in preparation for the Treaty of Trianon, illegally occupying towns south of the line, including Balassagyarmat. The local population managed to push back the Czechoslovak troops in a serious military encounter in which many of the civilian participants lost their lives.

The heroics of the town's people against the illegal and unprovoked invasion has been immortalised in the Kárpátia(hu) song "Civitas Fortissima"

During World War II, May 9, 1944, Germans kept 3,000 Jews from the town and the surrounding villages imprisoned in a ghetto. They are all sent to Auschwitz concentration camp on June 11 and 14, 1944.

Balassagyarmat was captured on 9 December 1944 by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in the course of the Budapest Offensive.

Geography

The town lies on the left bank of the Ipoly river, which marks the state border with Slovakia.

Demographics

In 2001 Balassagyarmat had 18,474 inhabitants. The population were homogeneous with Hungarian majority (Magyars 98%, Romani 2%), 100% of the total population speak Hungarian as their mother tongue.

Notable people

  • Balassi (Balassa) family (means "from Balassa")
  • Bálint Balassi (aka Balassa) (1554, Zólyom - 1594)
  • Josef Dobrovský (1753–1829), a Czech philologist and historian
  • Márk Rózsavölgyi (1789–1848)
  • Rabbi Maier Zipser (1815–1869, Rechnitz)
  • Károly Balogh de Mankó Bük (1879-1944), Hungarian statesman and writer.
  • Iván Nagy (1824–1898), genealogist, heraldic, historian (hu)
  • Father János Zádori (1831, Kátlovce - 1887), a Hungarian Ecclesiastical writer, lived here
  • Albert Kenessey (1889–1973)
  • Rose & Jenny Dolly, Hungarian-American dancers and actresses
  • Lőrinc Szabó (de Gáborján) (1900, Miskolc - 1957), a poet and literary translator, lived here
  • Lajos Ligeti (1902–1987), orientalist (hu)
  • Ernő Zórád (1911–2004) (hu)
  • Károly Jobbágy (1921–1998) (hu)
  • Iván Markó (born 1947), dancer (hu)
  • Zoltán Szlezák (born 1967), football player
  • Orsolya Szatmári (born 1975) (hu)
  • Sigmund Streisinger (born 1880-1942) (hu) - Famous glazer; moved to the United States in the early 1900s
  • Twin towns — Sister cities

    Balassagyarmat is twinned with:

  •  Romania Dej
  •  Germany Heimenkirch
  •  Poland Ostrołęka
  •  Italy Lamezia Terme
  •  Slovakia Slovenské Ďarmoty
  • References

    Balassagyarmat Wikipedia


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