Bac Giang ( listen) is a city in Vietnam. It is the capital of Bac Giang Province. Its name, deriving from that of the Province Sino-Vietnamese, means "north of the river." The location is very convenient for transportation, it is 50 km north of Hanoi, in the middle position on major transportation routes (roads, international railway) connecting Hanoi with the Lang Son City and Dong Dang international border gate; Bac Giang locates in an important transportation hub. The Thuong River runs through the towns southern part heading for Haiphong.
Although the name of Bac Giang (?? "North River") Province is very old, established in its first form in 1466, there was historically no town of that name. The town was created out the old Lang Thuong District after independence. The Suoi Mo thermal springs area is 37 km from the town centre. Bac Giang Peace Park was a sister city project with Madison, Wisconsin, United States.