Puneet Varma (Editor)

Avalofractus

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  incertae sedis
Rank  Genus
Species  †A. abaculus
Similar  Pectinifrons, Bradgatia, Rangeomorph, Fractofusus misrai, Swartpuntia

Avalofractus abaculus is a frond-like rangeomorph fossil described from the Ediacaran of the Trepassey Formation, Spaniard's Bay, Newfoundland.

Contents

Morphology

Avalofractus displays a strongly fractal body shape, with four levels of nearly perfectly self-similar, pinnate, alternate branches. It was about 5 cm long on average, with a 1 cm-diameter holdfast at the base of the frond. The stem length is from 1/3 to 1/2 that of the whole frond. It is quite similar to Rangea, even if with distinct morphological differences that justify the creation of a new genus (e.g. absence of subsidiary quilts, frond elements free to rotate independently instead of being attached to each other by a membrane).

Distribution

In contrast with other rangeomorphs, which have wide distributions, Avalofractus seems to have been an endemic species, being known only from the Spaniard's Bay deposits.

Reproduction

It has been suggested that Avalofractus could have been capable of vegetative reproduction: loose fronds could have detached and grow, rather like a plant cutting. This could explain the mysterious lack of independent rangeomorph fronds smaller than 10 mm in the fossil record.

A previous suggestion that Avalofractus younger individuals were encased in a sheath-like structure has been later dismissed.

References

Avalofractus Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Bradgatia
Fractofusus misrai
Pectinifrons
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L