Friday 8:58 AM
| 7°C, Wind S at 10 km/h, 74% Humidity|
Pic de Montcalm, Pic Verdaguer, Punta Gabarró, Étang de Soulcem, Rodó de Canalbona
Auzat is a French commune in the Ariège department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auzatois or Auzatoises.
The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Auzat is located some 45 km south by south-west of Pamiers and 40 km north by north-west of Andorra la Vella. Its south-western border is the border between France and Spain and its south-eastern border is the border between France and Andorra. Access to the commune is by road D8 which branches from the D18 at Vicdessos and goes to the village then continues south to access the dam at Etang de Soulcem. Due to the extremely rugged terrain there is no access to Spain or Andorra from the commune. Its highest point is the Pica d'Estats (3143 m), which is located in the Montcalm Massif, exactly on the Spanish border.
Many streams rise in the south of the commune and flow north in two parallel main streams - the Ruisseau de la Coume de Subra and the Ruisseau de Mounicou. The Ruisseau de la Coume de Subra joins the Ruisseau de l'Artigue flowing east to join the Ruisseau de Mounicou which continues north to the village where it becomes the Ruisseau de Vicdessos then continues east to join the Ariege at Tarascon-sur-Ariège. There are also many lakes in the south of the commune with the Etang de Soulcem being the largest.Emperrot
The commune has a rich environment in terms of Wilderness and ecological potential but industrialization has left traces: in particular the disused Pechiney Aluminium Smelter (closed in 2003) left heavy environmental consequences.
The smelter was ranked 2 under Directive 96/82/EC (Seveso). The plant had an internal landfill site of 1.8 hectares located several kilometres from the smelter site at a place called Massada on the border with Vicdessos commune. This discharge area, as well as the groundwater and soil that supported the plant operations, are polluted by various pollutants including fluorides, cyanides, hydrocarbons, arsenic, aluminium, and barium.Onost had the first group housing in the Middle Ages with the Church of Saint-Vincent of Onost mentioned in the 11th century
Auzat village was founded in the 11th or 12th century. It was a village grouped around the present Rue du Fort and the Rue du Rocher
12th-15th centuries: domination by Montreal-de-Sos, castle of the Counts of Foix
1907: Construction of the Pechiney Smelter to manufacture ingots and billets of aluminum
1908: construction of a central hydroelectric station to supply electricity to the Pechiney smelter
1911: opening of the Tramway de Tarascon-sur-Ariège à Auzat
1939: The Catastrophe of Izourt - an avalanche that killed 28 people
1990: Implementation of the Montcalm Water Company
2003: closure of the Pechiney smelter
2007: Opening of the House of heritage
2011: a new athletics stadium was inaugurated in the presence of President of the FFA, Bernard Amsalem
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Since 2003, the Auzat valley and Vicdessos have developed special links with Italy, especially with the Veneto and Friuli regions which were the origins of the victims of the Izourt Dam disaster in Auzat that had resulted in the deaths of 29 Italians and 3 Frenchmen on 24 March 1939. The Ricordate Association, with the support of elected officials, regularly organizes events and commemorations for the victims' families to honour their dead and to better understand the circumstances of the accident.
In 2010 the commune had 582 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
The Chateau of Montreal-de-Sos is located on a rocky escarpment overlooking the hamlet of Olbier
The Vicdessos Valley
The Vicdessos Lakes
The commune has several religious buildings:The Cemetery Chapel has a Statue of Saint Bartholomew (15th century) which is registered as an historical object
The Church of Auxat has three items that are registered as historical objects:
A Chandelier (19th century)
A Ciborium (19th century)
A Monstrance (19th century)
The Church of Olbier has one item that is registered as an historical object:
A Collection Plate (16th century)
The Church of Saleix has many items that are registered as historical objects:
A Chalice (17th century)
A Tabernacle (18th century)
2 Statues: Virgin and Child, Saint Joseph (18th century)
Group sculpture: Virgin of Pity (16th century)
A Collection Plate: the Annunciation (16th century)
A Collection Plate: Adam and Eve (16th century)
2 Statues: Saint Roch, Saint John (18th century)
A Chandelier (19th century)
Jean Sérafin, footballer
Aimé Molinié, senator