Auxilium Pallacanestro Torino or Auxilium CUS Torino, know for sponsorship reasons as FIAT Torino, is an Italian professional basketball club based in Turin, Piedmont. It competes in the first division LBA as of the 2015-16 season.
The club was founded in 1966 under the initiative of Don Gino Borgogno, a salesian priest, who regrouped all the different oratories (Christian youth social clubs) practising basketball in Turin under one organisation, Auxilium Torino, based in the Agnelli oratory. The club was promoted to the fourth-division Serie C in 1970 and moved up to the Serie B in 1972. At the same time another local side, Libertas, based in Asti and sponsored by Saclà, was moving quickly up the divisions, reaching the second division in 1971 and the first division Serie A in 1972. However Saclà Asti wanted to move to a bigger arena and market, transferring to Torino in 1973 which meant the city had two clubs in the national divisions. The clubs would fusion in the 1974 offseason after protracted discussions, with Asti president (Carlo Ercole), coach (Lajos Tóth), players and sponsors transferring to Auxilium (now Saclà Torino) who would play in the newly formed second division Serie A2 whilst nearly all the Auxilium players were sent to Asti to play in the Serie B.
In their first season in Serie A2, Auxilium were promoted to the Serie A. During the 1975 off season, the club changed coaches and sponsors, with Martini & Rossi becoming the main sponsor under the Chinamartini brand. The renamed team were relegated domestically but this was compensated by a run to the 1976 Korać Cup final, in which they came back from a first leg deficit of 24 points to eliminate Juventud Schweppes by one point in the semifinals, before losing honourably in the final to the Yugoslavian rising superpower Jugoplastika Split. Torino would return to the Serie A in 1979, staying there until 1989 and battling for honours during that decade, with playoff semifinals places in 1982, 1984, 1985 and 1986. After one season in the Serie A2, the club returned to the Serie A in 1990, staying there until 1993.
Though the club finished comfortably outside the relegation places in the two Serie A2 seasons it played, the club struggled financially and in July 1995 asked the league to play in the Serie B to reduce its debts, also selling its best players for that purpose.
Playing a few years at that level, Auxilium was relegated, on the pitch, to the Serie B2 at the end of the 1998-99 season, following which it merged with Pallacanestro Cerea Collegno in order to ask for a place in the Serie B1. The latter organisation's president, Giovanni Garrone, became Auxilium president, with the clubs base and home arena moved to Collegno. The new organisation didn't have more success, on the contrary as it was relegated from the Serie B2 to the Serie C within a year. It played at that level until it was amalgamated into Torino Basket, formed from the merger of two historic Torino clubs Don Bosco Crocetta and Reale Società Ginnastica, in 2007, disappearing on the occasion.
PMS Basketball was founded in 2009 by the merger of Pallacanestro Moncalieri and Libertas Amici San Mauro (with the PMS an acronym of Pallacanestro Moncalieri San Mauro). Playing in the Serie B Dilettanti (fourth division), the side won a promotion and the league's Cup in 2009-10.
In 2011, the senior team - based in Turin and playing in the PalaRuffini - changed its name to PMS Torino, keeping the PMS Basketball name for its youth activities. One year later, Antonio Forni - formerly president of Pallacanestro Biella - joined founder Paolo Terzolo as club co-president, announcing his desire to return Torino to the Serie within three years. It reached the second division DNA Gold in 2013, losing in the promotion playoffs at the end of the season.
The club would obtain a promotion at the second try, beating Agrigento in the 2014-15 finals series to earn a berth in Serie A. Soon afterwards it was announced that Forni had obtained the Auxilium brand, that Garrone had given to former coach Giovanni Asti when the club shut down, with the club renamed as Auxilium CUS Torino as a separate legal entity with CUS Torino (Centro Universitario Sportivo, a club founded in 1946) providing the youth sector under an agreement. PMS Basketball, with Terzolo at its head, separated from the club to play in Moncalieri, at a level no higher than the Serie B.PalaRuffini (1974–1999)
Lajos Tóth 1 season: '74-'75
Giovanni Asti 6 seasons: '76-'77, '80-'83, '87-'89
Alessandro Gamba 3 seasons: '77-'80
Giuseppe Guerrieri 6 seasons: '83-'86, '89-'91, '93-'95
Romeo Sacchetti 5 seasons: '96-'98, '96-'98
FIBA Korać CupRunners-up (1): 1975–76
Throughout the years, due to sponsorship deals, it has been also known as: