DirectorRobert Aldrich Duration Music directorHans J. Salter CountryUnited States
WriterJean Rouverol, Hugo Butler, Robert Blees Release dateAugust 1, 1956 (1956-08-01) ScreenplayJean Rouverol, Hugo Butler CastJoan Crawford (Millicent Wetherby), Cliff Robertson (Burt Hanson), Vera Miles (Virginia Hanson), Lorne Greene (Mr. Hanson), Ruth Donnelly (Liz Eckhart), Shepperd Strudwick (Dr. Malcolm Couzzens) Similar moviesInterstellar, Lymelife, Kiss The Bride, The Age of Adaline, Sex Tape, Little Manhattan
TaglineIn the dark, when I feel his heart pounding against mine - is it love? or frenzy? or terror?
Edith piaf autumn leaves les feuilles mortes
Autumn Leaves is a 1956 American drama film by Columbia Pictures starring Joan Crawford and Cliff Robertson in an older woman/younger man tale of mental illness. The screenplay was written by Jean Rouverol and Hugo Butler, though it was credited to Jack Jevne, Rouverol and Butler being blacklisted at the time of the film's release.
The film was directed by Robert Aldrich and produced by William Goetz. Aldrich won the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 1956 Berlin International Film Festival.
Joan crawford autumn leaves scene 1956
Spinsterish Millicent "Millie" Wetherby (Joan Crawford) works at home as a self-employed typist. One evening in a diner, she meets a lonely Army veteran named Burt Hanson (Cliff Robertson). They share a romantic date at the beach, kissing amidst the crashing waves, but Millie tells Burt to date someone his own age. A month later, Burt is waiting for the still-lonely Millie at her home and the two celebrate his new job at a department store. He proposes to her in a movie theater, and while she initially rejects the proposal, she reconsiders when she sees him walking away.
The next day, the couple gets married in Mexico. However, on the marriage license, he lists his place of birth as Chicago, though he had earlier told her he was born in Racine, Wisconsin. Once home, Burt's ex-wife, Virginia (Vera Miles), appears, which shocks Millie because Burt told her that he had never been married. Virginia gives her a property settlement that she wants Burt to sign and tells her that Burt is a habitual liar about his life and his past. Millie also learns that Burt's father (Lorne Greene) is in Los Angeles to find him.
Burt is haunted by the day when he discovered his wife and father making love; he begins displaying signs of mental instability with their sudden, unwelcomed presence in his life. When he becomes violent, Millie sends him to a mental hospital. Burt's condition improves with treatment (depicted sketchily as a montage of intravenous drugs and electroconvulsive therapy), and he severs connections with his past. Millie happily discovers he still loves her and they look forward to a brighter future.
Joan Crawford as Millie
Cliff Robertson as Burt
Vera Miles as Virginia
Lorne Greene as Hanson
Ruth Donnelly as Liz
Marjorie Bennett as Waitress
Frank Gerstle as Ramsey
The film's original title was The Way We Are but was changed to capitalize on the success of the then popular tune "Autumn Leaves" as sung by Nat King Cole. (The title "Autumn Leaves" has no apparent connection with the story of the film other than sharing a vague melancholic tone. Crawford's character is also fond of the song, but it is not identified by name in the script.) Cole's rendition is used over the film's title sequence.
The song's original title is "Les feuilles mortes" with music by Joseph Kosma and lyrics by Jacques Prévert. English lyrics were written by the American songwriter Johnny Mercer (1949). The song was introduced by Yves Montand in the French feature film Les Portes de la Nuit (1946).
Although Bosley Crowther panned the film in the New York Times of August 2, 1956, (calling it a "dismal tale") Lawrence Quirk in Motion Picture Herald and William Zinsser in the New York Herald Tribune commented favorably upon the film. Autumn Leaves was a modest box-office success, chiefly among Crawford's female fans. The actress thought highly of the film, deeming it the "best older woman/younger man movie ever made," and added, "Everything clicked on Autumn Leaves. The cast was perfect, the script was good, and I think Bob [Aldrich] handled everything well. I really think Cliff did a stupendous job; another actor might have been spitting out his lines and chewing the scenery, but he avoided that trap. I think the movie on a whole was a lot better than some of the romantic movies I did in the past...but somehow it just never became better known. It was eclipsed by the picture I did with Bette Davis."
The film has grown in stature among Aldrich fans since its 1956 premiere and is now regarded as one of the director's best films. Dan Callahan of Slant Magazine (June 16, 2004) wrote, "All of Aldrich's early work is intriguing, but Autumn Leaves is his secret gem. It's been passed over as camp because of its star, Joan Crawford, but Aldrich brings all his hard edges to this woman's picture. The collision of his tough style with the soapy material makes for a film that never loses its queasy tension."
Silver Bear for Best Director (Aldrich), Berlin International Film Festival 1956.